Why do Volvos have a bad resale value

Buy diesel? Advantages and disadvantages

Many Germans are currently concerned with the question of whether they will have a car nextBuy dieselshould. Be Share of new registrationsin this country is due to various factors in the past few years significantly shrunkLast but not least, there is a trend towards electrified mobility. The persistent Corona pandemichas had a significant impact on the number of registrations in 2020. In total, last year in Germany around 820,000 diesel cars registered. The share of total sales was around 28 percent in the annual balance sheet. In 2019 it was still 32 percent and in 2018 just under 33. In addition, it is shrinking Choice of models: Since 2015, the Diesel canceled. Experts predict that the diesel engine will suffer a massive loss of value in the coming years.
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After all, the risk of new diesel driving bans has decreased since June 2020. At that time, the Federal Environment Agency (UBA) announced the official evaluation of the air measurement data in the federal states. So in 2019 only in 25 cities in the entire federal territory of neuralgic value exceeded 40 micrograms nitrogen dioxide (NO2).In the previous year it was 57. Because of the many bad values, the German Environmental Aid (DUH) had initiated various proceedings, on the basis of which several driving bans were imposed in various metropolises.

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The reason for the positive trend: the measures adopted at the Diesel Summit years ago Improve air qualityas well as the Clean air plans of the municipalities. In addition, the volume of traffic fell due to the corona 2020, with that went the NO2 pollution back. The expressiveness of the Pollution figures from the pandemic yearis therefore not rated as particularly high by some experts.

Decision support for buying diesel

What are the arguments for or against a diesel? AUTO BILD provides a decision-making aid when buying a car!

Diesel: pros and cons

How did diesel fall into disrepute?

The diesel crisis began when the VW scandal was uncovered in September 2015. VW had manipulated emission control values ​​a million times in terms of nitrogen oxides (NOx). Since then, news of shutdown devices, fraudulent software and shady tests have ruined the previously positive image of diesel engines. The exhaust gas values, NOx and fine dust emissions came more and more into focus.

What about driving bans and the blue sticker?

Several cities took diesel with them because of the car's exhaust too high nitrogen oxide levels to fight, which is why driving bans were imposed. In Hamburg Since May 2018, there has been a diesel driving ban for cars up to Euro 5 (inclusive) on two streets. In Berlin Driving bans apply for Euro 5 and worse on streets in Neukölln and Moabit. In Darmstadt there is a driving ban for diesel up to Euro 5 and petrol Euro 1-2.

However, has the situation relaxed. Those resolved and implemented at the Diesel Summit Measures to improve air quality and the municipalities' air pollution control plans are having an impact. There are currently no signs of the introduction of more far-reaching diesel driving bans.

What funding does the state offer?

The federal government agreed on a compromise in the diesel dispute in autumn 2018. Among other things, he saw one Hardware retrofitting for Euro 5 diesel. The problem: Not all carmakers were involved in the financing, the federal government did not want any grants, the car owners had to pay part of the bill. For another, it was decided that the automaker Exchange bonuses when changing from an old diesel (Euro 1-5) to a Euro 6 diesel. There is now one as part of the Corona economic aid package Purchase bonus in the amount of sometimes more than 9,000 euros when buying environmentally friendly electric cars.

How do you avoid Euro 5 diesel driving bans?

With a conversion. In addition to a software update, this includes above all the hardware retrofitting of older diesels with a SCR system with urea solution to understand. The costs for this are around 3000 to 3500 euros. Dr. Pley and Twintec Baumot (due to Corona in bankruptcy on their own) offer Retrofit systems for around 60 vehicle models from the VW Group as well as some BMW, Mercedes and Volvo models at. The filter specialists HJS and Oberland Mangold are also allowed to sell SCR catalysts. Further companies received their approval in 2020.

What advantages and disadvantages do diesel owners have when it comes to taxes?

Advantages: Diesel drivers pay less energy tax when refueling. Overall, diesel is more than 15 cents per liter cheaper. However, voices are repeatedly heard calling for the abolition of the so-called diesel privilege.

Disadvantage: As a counterweight to the cheaper fuel at the filling station, diesel cars are subject to a higher vehicle tax, so that they are usually only worthwhile for frequent drivers. The tax depends on the engine size and CO2 emissions. How much is the tax on your vehicle? You can calculate that here in three steps!

Euro 6, 6d-TEMP, 6d ISC-FCM: What's the difference?

Euro 6 means: On the test bench, the car is allowed to emit a maximum of 80 milligrams of NOx per kilometer. For comparison: With Euro 5 diesels, up to 180 mg / km were allowed. The differences between 6b, 6c, 6d-TEMP and 6d are enormous: Completely different test methods (NEDC, WLTP, RDE) are used for measurements and different limit values ​​apply. This applies not only to the test bench, but also to road operation. Here is an overview:

➤ Euro 6b: On September 1, 2015, all new vehicles had to comply with 6b. Permitted limit value NOx:80 mg / km (Diesel), 60 mg / km (petrol). Measurements were made exclusively on the test bench, namely after the unrealistic NEDC cycle. These modern Euro 6b diesels blow an average of 507 milligrams of NOx into the air every kilometer.

➤ Euro 6c / 6d-TEMP: The Euro standards 6c and 6d-TEMP came into force in 2017, new models (type approval) must meet both standards. As with 6b, the limit of 80 mg / km, but is measured after WLTP cycle (Worldwide Harmonized Testing Procedure).

In addition to the test bench measurements, Euro 6d-TEMP theReal output measured on the road (RDE, Real Driving Emissions). The cars are allowed to use the so-called Conformity or conversion factor of 2.1 not more than168 mg / km NOx (Gasoline engine: 126 mg / km) blow into the air. For all new cars, Euro 6d-TEMP was from September 1, 2019 mandatory. Overview:These SUVs and these compact cars meet Euro 6d-TEMP!

Euro 6d-ISC-FCM: Mandatory for all new cars since January 2021. For this purpose, the limit values ​​for the RDE measurement (i.e. in road operation) once again tightened: instead of 168, only diesels are allowed 114 mg / km (Gasoline engine: just under 86 mg / km; conformity factor 1.43) Emit nitrogen oxides.
Overview: What emissions standard does my car have?

How much does a diesel consume less than a gasoline engine?

Diesel consume about 15 to 20 percent less fuel than comparable petrol engines. In addition to the higher efficiency of the engine, this is due to the greater energy density of the fuel. However, it has been criticized that the fuel consumption advantage with diesel is due to the high weight of the very popular SUVs is compensated. The manufacture of diesel engines is more complex. The German Environmental Aid (DUH) argues that CO2 disadvantages arise here. In addition, modern gasoline engines with full hybrid technology are more efficient than in the past.

How does diesel affect the environment?

As fuel is Diesel is more energetic than gasoline. In addition, the Efficiency of the diesel engine is around 15 percent higher than that of gasoline engines. Because less fuel is burned with the same output, diesel models consume less and therefore emit less CO2. However, it is CO2 content per liter burned Diesel higher than gasoline (2.6 kg to 2.3 kg). For some experts, the climate-friendly diesel is therefore a myth.

But the focus is on the others Pollutantsthat are produced when diesel is burned, such as those that are harmful to health Nitrogen oxides (NOx). They can attack the mucous membranes and lead to coughing, breathing difficulties and eye irritation, as well as impairing the heart, circulation and lung function.

Sales figures: this is how new cars sell

Germany was still a diesel country in 2016, and almost every second newly registered vehicle was a diesel engine. Meanwhile they commuted Sales figures of the diesel almost a third of all newly registered cars. According to KBA, 32.8 percent of all newly registered cars were diesel-powered in 2018; in 2019 it was exactly 32 percent. In 2020 the number was around 28 percent. However, the general decline in new car sales due to the ongoing corona pandemic must be factored in.

Prices: So it is about discounts on diesel

After the exchange premiums have expired, they are special Discounts for diesel past. However, many retailers offer because of the Corona crisis sometimes high discounts on existing vehicles to get sales going again. Especially used diesel are sometimes available at attractive prices because they stand in the dealer's yard for a relatively long time.

How do the manufacturers react?

You always bid fewer models with diesel engines at. As the first major automaker turned Volvofrom diesel. Porsche moved to. Since 2015, the manufacturers have deleted the diesel variant from more than 20 model series. In another 40, the diesel share sank so much that a cancellation can be expected. This was predicted by the Center Automotive Research (CAR) at the University of Duisburg-Essen in a study, quoted here by WELT am SONNTAG.

Another factor: the hovers over all manufacturers EU specification, after the 2021 of the Fleet output may only be 95 g CO2 / km per vehicle sold. Otherwise there is a risk of fines. So the pressure to offer cars with low CO2 emissions is increasing.

How is the value of diesel vehicles developing?

Experts reckon with one massive drop in prices in the coming years. The Duisburg Center of Automotive Research (CAR) under the direction of Ferdinand Dudenhöffer predicts that by 2030 Europe-wide only 390,000 new cars with diesel sold. That would be significantly fewer new diesel engines than electric cars were sold in 2020. Such a radical decline would therefore have a major impact on the value retention of the vehicles. If one follows the forecast, the prices for cars with diesel are initially falling slowly. But if in three to four years the next round of acquisitions for the big ones Fleet operator If you want to switch to electrified vehicles, prices will start to fall, according to Eurotax. In addition, the price per liter of diesel will rise steadily and the complex Euro 7 diesels will become more expensive.

Diesel or gasoline - which is more worthwhile?

That cannot be said in general terms. In general, the Price advantage from diesel rather for large-volume vehicles. The same applies to Frequent drivers, from around 20,000 kilometers per year. The ADAC took a large-scale 2017