Which European country should I move to?
Emigrating: All You Need To Know
Emigrate? Worth knowing at a glance:
There are different forms of emigration. Some people go abroad for several years because they are sent by their employer - so-called expats. Others go abroad for a certain period of their own accord and plan to come back to Germany. The classic emigrant goes abroad to find a new home there.
Moving to a new country needs to be carefully prepared. A foreign language is spoken there, the health and social security systems are different and so is the tax law. The cost of living varies and professional qualifications are not necessarily recognized. In addition, every country has different hurdles and conditions for immigrants - from proof of employment to bank accounts. And perhaps the most important thing: the people, the togetherness and the culture are different than in the old homeland.
There are counseling centers in Germany that provide well-founded information about emigrating. There is even an Emigration Protection Act of 1898, which aims to ensure objective and comprehensive advice. This also prevents advisors from acting out of financial self-interest. Anyone who wants to advise potential emigrants in Germany needs a permit from the Federal Office of Administration.
Good places to go for tips on emigration are:
Emigrating - for some people this is a dream that they want to fulfill at some point. Often with it the thought is on an easier life in a land of sun and sand connected. That can still be during professional life. However, moving abroad can also only take place in retirement as a pensioner. But no matter when the decision is made: There are many things to considerso that the dream of a carefree life abroad can really come true.
Emigrating: Living abroad to work or as a retiree?
More than 140,000 people leave Germany every year to live abroad. Which country is selected for this depends on various factors. For example, the question of whether the move entails a new job or the desire for a quiet retirement is very important. Anyone who goes to work abroad has to pay attention to completely different things than retired people.
Depending on the country in which the new life is to take place, visa or residence applications must be submitted. After all, it won't be a three-week vacation, but a move. The variety of different visas is as amazing as it is considerable. In Australia, a classic immigration country, there is around 150 different visa types alone - up to the work visa for people who have a certain qualification for the jobs they are looking for. For almost every country there is a list in which these jobs are listed. In Germany, the embassies of the respective countries usually have information on this on their websites.
A brief overview of visas for popular emigration countries:
- Canada: Skilled Migration Visa (popular occupation) or guarantee from a permanent resident - relatives or partners who live there.
- New Zealand: Points system for immigrants. Highly qualified migrants under the age of 35 have the chance of one of the 300 Silver Fern Visas annually. If you have a job, you will receive the Skilled Migrant Visa with unlimited residence. Anyone who has a convincing business idea for immigration to New Zealand applies for the Entrepreneur Visa
- Switzerland: As a German, you can enter the country with a valid identity card or passport. The agreement on the free movement of persons within Europe gives you the right to a residence permit. The naturalization process is much more complicated.
- Brazil: Perfect for retirees - if you can prove that you get at least 1,600 euros a month transferred to your account, you will receive a permanent residence permit. Entrepreneurs get a visa if they invest around 225,000 euros in the country.
- Sweden: Until recently, EU citizens had to report to the migration office. This is no longer the case. Instead, go to the tax office in Sweden and have your new address recorded there in the central population register. Then apply for a personal number and look for a job.
In any case, it is best to prepare for emigration already have an employment contract or a written job offer from an employerin the desired country to have in your pocket. That makes everything easier. In many countries there is relatively no problem with an unlimited residence permit. Anyone who dreams of the USA is certainly thinking of a so-called green card - a permanent immigrant visa. Here, too, either a job with a mostly high level of qualification is required, a family in the USA or an acceptance in the annual green card lottery, in which the US government raffles 55,000 green cards.
Preparation for the new home is essential
But no matter where you want to emigrate: You not only need patience and patience with the authorities, but mostly money too. On the one hand, because there are countries that require a personal account balance of at least five digits so that there is financial security. On the other hand, of course for you too, if, for example, something should be health-related. The health and social security systems in the different countries are as different as the countries themselves. Here international health insurance can have a calming effect. There are various private insurers that advise emigrants and expats on this.
And of course money is also useful, for example on site Time idle when looking for a jobbridge to be able to. The systems for paying unemployment benefits are very different and those who have not yet paid anything do not get anything. Unless you have already been unemployed in Germany and go to another EU country to look for a job. Then will Unemployment benefit continues to be paid for up to six monthsif you register as unemployed in the destination country. Before emigrating, it definitely makes sense to find out about the payment of unemployment benefits in the country of your choice.
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Get tips on tax liability before moving
As well as about paying taxes, because if you live in another country, you may well be liable for tax in Germany. For example, if you have still registered your place of residence in Germany, you also have to pay tax on all your income here - even if the money was earned abroad. If the residence is no longer in Germany, only the money earned here has to be taxed. This can be the case, for example, with real estate income. In order to prevent double taxes being paid because the official place of residence and work are elsewhere, there is a double taxation agreement (DBA) between Germany and different countries.
Expats pay income tax in Germany
Which countries these are can be found out from the Federal Tax Office. In general, the tax office assumes that someone is no longer subject to tax in Germany, if he is in Germany for less than six months a year (183 days rule) and earned his income abroad. That still does not apply to income generated in Germany. Even if they being sent abroad as an expat by a German employer, you still have to pay German income tax on your income.
Important: Those who live and work abroad do not necessarily have to forego the social security they are used to. Germany has signed a social security agreement with around 20 countriesso that, for example, pension entitlements can be acquired and taken into account and 100 percent of the pension is paid out abroad. Information on this is provided by the German Pension Insurance. This agreement is also relevant for accident insurance and the medical treatment of German citizens abroad. The National Association of Statutory Health Insurance Funds has more information.
Emigration is rewarded with money in some countries!
The good news: There are also countries and cities that will pay you money if you emigrate there! So offers Chile as part of a start-up program for suitable creative ideas equivalent to 13,800 euros and a one-year work visa. in the Canadian Sasketchewan Graduates with a bachelor's degree receive a bonus of 14,400 euros if they live and work there for seven years. And in Ponga / Spain Couples receive a grant of 3000 euros if they settle there for at least five years and there is an additional 3000 euros for each newborn child. If that isn't a motivation to move!
These countries are particularly popular among emigrants
But which countries are there that are most popular with emigrants? The worldwide emigrant network InterNations also asked its members in 2019 to evaluate their new adopted home. Over 20,000 people from almost 200 countries took part in the survey. At the same time, however, the survey is not considered representative because only 75 participants per country were sufficient for inclusion in the ranking list.
The result of the Expats Insider Report: Taiwan is in first place. An important criterion for the positive evaluation was the good security situation. Vietnam and Portugal follow in second and third place.
Here are the top ten of the Expats Insider Report 2019
- Czech Republic
The last three places go to Kuwait, Italy and Nigeria. While it is particularly difficult for expats to get used to it in Kuwait, Italy has the lowest ratings in the world for working abroad, and Nigeria has the lowest quality of life for expats. In general, regardless of the survey, popular destinations for emigration are the USA, Canada, Switzerland and Australia. For people from Germany, the Netherlands and Ireland are also rated as particularly attractive because of their job offers.
Going abroad with children: language courses are a must
If you are planning to move abroad with your children, you should make sure that the offspring are also adequately prepared for this step. From elementary school age are Language courses are an absolute mustso that the start in the new home succeeds. Incidentally, this also applies to the parents. In general, the following can be said for emigrating with children: The younger the easier. Small children adapt more easily to their environment. Older children usually have to leave their friends behind in their old homeland, find their way around in the new school and sometimes catching up on learning material.
You should find out beforehand about it inform how the school system is structured in the desired country. Do you have to pay school fees or wear a school uniform? What are the lesson times? If you are going abroad for business only for a few years, attending a German or international school would be an option. Those who want to stay longer in the country should better send their children to a local school. The connection is easier here. Basically, if you decide on a country to work and live there, the children should also feel comfortable there and support the decision.
Emigration: Good childcare and low costs are important
According to the InterNations survey, the countries are the best destinations for emigrating with children Finland, Belgium and Sweden because of their good child care. Expensive childcare and education are available for emigrants to the USA, China and Hong Kong. South Africa, Brazil and Turkey rank at the bottom of the hit list in the survey because of their poor health and safety situation.
In Spain, Finland and Australia, on the other hand, children are among the healthiest because they are outside a lot, do sports and eat healthily. Of immigrant children in the United States, 51 percent eat more junk food than in their old homeland. Another important question is whether the child benefit will continue to be paid abroad. This basically depends on whether and how the parents are still taxable in Germany. The family benefits office can provide information on this.
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Pensioners can expect deductions abroad
When it comes to retirement, for some people it becomes Interesting old age in a foreign country. One of the incentives is to take your pension abroad better standard of living than in Germany to have. The pension is generally paid out in every country. However, this is also what has already been mentioned here Social security agreement important. In countries with which Germany does not have this agreement, it can Loss of pension come. It can also be expensive if costs suddenly arise due to illness. So you definitely should have financial reserves and think carefully about which country you are going to emigrate to.
Because if you as a pensioner move to a country with which Germany has a social security agreement or to an EU country, then you can do yours keep German health and long-term care insurance. No additional contributions have to be paid in the country of emigration and you receive the benefits that you would also get in Germany. But it may be that you have one have to pay a higher contribution, because this amount is based on the benefits of the new adopted home. You should find out more about this from your health insurance company before emigrating.
Emigrate for a low cost life
Popular countries for moving to a new home are among pensioners because of their low cost of living or good medical care and German as a means of communication:
- Dominican Republic
Moving from Germany to another country is only possible with preparation
No question about it - emigration is a big issue in the truest sense of the word. Anyone who decides to move to another country should definitely make a long checklist beforehandso that he is as well prepared as possible for the move, life and people in his new home. The Experienced emigrants describe minimum preparation time with at least six months, better another year.
The most important points on the check list are:
- Kassensturz: How much money do I have?
- Valid identification documents
- Job search from Germany
- At best: signed employment contract in the desired country
- Clarify visa question and residence permit
- Obtain the necessary documents (birth certificate, etc.)
- If you are going abroad: Which vaccinations are necessary?
- Clarify foreign health insurance
- Does Germany have a social security agreement with the country?
- Terminate telephone contracts and unnecessary insurance in good time
- Inform the residents' registration office and the tax office of your plans in this country
- Clarify tax liability
- Language course in the national language or sufficient English
- Find out about the language requirements in the country
- Find out about the health system
- Find out about the school system in case you have children
- Get advice on emigration from a government-approved agency
- When moving abroad internationally: Sort things out. Abundance creates expensive weight. Get offers from different shipping companies.
- And important: Maintain contact with your home country after emigrating, in case both the ceiling and the coconut fall on your head after a while in the dreamland. A good 70 percent of German emigrants come back after a few years, according to an ARD survey.
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