How we can control pollution in Delhi
Our mobility behavior
How do you get from your apartment to school? By car or by bus? Do you visit your friends by bike or do your parents bring you by car? Are you going on vacation with your family or do you take the train?
Being mobile, being able to move from A to B is a matter of course for us. The way in which and how often we travel is called "mobility behavior". In many cases we can decide whether to go on foot, by bike, by bus or by car.
History of mobility
Human mobility behavior has changed the world decisively. And every invention that changed locomotion has helped shape the epochs of human history. The technical development of vehicles started with the wheel and the replacement of human muscle power with draft animals. More and more new vehicles have been developed so that goods and people can be transported faster and over greater distances.
distances could be transported. So the traffic grew on the road, in the air and on water.
The traffic is increasing
In 1950 there were around 100,000 passenger cars in Austria. Today there are 4.2 million. That is more than 40 times as much as 60 years ago. If you were to park all the cars in Austria one behind the other today, that would result in a car stroke of 20,500 km. That corresponds to half the circumference of the earth. In 1950 it would only have taken a distance of about 500 km.
In 1955 around 65,000 people flew away from Austria by plane. In 2007 there were already 11.8 million. That's about 180 times more. If all the people who flew away from Austria in 2007 queued at the counter on the same day, this would result in a 5900 km long queue. That corresponds roughly to the distance from Vienna to New Delhi in India.
What problems does traffic cause?
When a lot of people drive cars, fly airplanes, and when a lot of goods are transported by truck, airplane or rail, several environmental problems arise:
- Traffic routes such as highways and roads cut landscapes and life -
Clear away from animals, from people and especially from children.
- Consume vehicles powered by combustion engines or electric motors
Energy, burn fuels and cause exhaust fumes and CO2that in large quantities
is harmful to the global climate. Transport is one of the largest consumers of energy
- Road accidents claim human, animal and plant lives year after year.
- A lot of traffic causes noise that is annoying and makes you sick.
- Traffic is a major contributor to particulate matter and air pollutants to humans
and animals are harmful.
Can the increasing volume of traffic be stopped?
Traffic on the roads, in the air and on water is increasing so rapidly that the successes in the development of better engines are not really noticeable: more and more goods and people are being transported by truck, plane or car. The environmental pollution from exhaust gases and noise continues to rise.
A wide variety of measures are necessary to reduce environmental pollution. The five most important are:
- Promotion of public transport such as train, bus and tram.
- Reduction of freight traffic on the roads.
- Increased development of environmentally friendly drive systems.
- Avoidance of unnecessary journeys with high-emission means of transport.
- Walk more and bike more.
What means of transport are there?
On foot: Those who walk do not pollute the environment and do something for their health. If the way to school, to friends or to work is not too long, it should be made on foot. Make sure that you avoid busy roads and use protective paths and sidewalks. So that you are clearly visible to other road users such as cars and bicycles, you should wear light-colored clothing and a school bag with reflectors.
bicycle: If you ride a bike, you keep yourself fit and do no harm to the environment. Therefore, you might want to use your bike for distances that are too far to walk. Choose bike paths for this; because there you drive safer than on the road. And make sure that your bike is well equipped with lights, reflectors and brakes and that it is in good shape. Have your bike checked annually by a bike specialist.
Public transportation: Public transportation includes buses, trams, subways, and the train. They are much less harmful to the environment than driving a car. Because many people can always use public transport at the same time. This means that on average fewer pollutants are released into the environment per trip than when driving the same car. If you take public transport to school or to your friends, you should find out about the exact journey times. You will arrive at your destination on time and without long waiting times. Make sure that you know the route to public transport and the route from the stop to your destination.
Automobile: You can get almost anywhere by car. But there is far too much car traffic, especially in the cities. That harms the environment, makes a lot of noise and the streets more dangerous. Therefore, consider whether you can use more environmentally friendly means of transport for the same trip.
However, if there are no buses, trams or trains, then consider getting a ride in the car with friends. In carpooling like this, you cause fewer pollutants overall and a little less traffic on the road.
Motorcycle: Short or medium distances can be covered by motorcycle. The motorcycle doesn't pollute the environment as much as a car, but it is far
Train: The train is also counted as a public transport. You can travel long distances with it without causing great damage to the environment. That is why it is well suited to travel with it on vacation or to other, more distant destinations. But not only people are transported by rail, but also a wide variety of goods. Unfortunately there is not a train station in every town. That's why they have to
Goods were usually brought to a train station by truck or picked up from a train station. Nevertheless, it is better for the environment to transport goods over long distances by rail and avoid journeys by truck. Because trucks, for example, cause around 17 times more harmful CO2 than trains when transporting goods.
Trucks: Trucks transport heavy and light goods. They are powered by diesel and therefore cause air pollutants, harmful CO2 and noise. Large semi-trailers transport materials weighing several tons over thousands of kilometers. Other trucks only cover short distances; for example to deliver goods to a supermarket. So you can say that trucks are partly necessary for our daily life. On the other hand, some goods can also be transported by rail or ship, which is much better for the environment.
Ship: Ships have little impact on the environment. But because they can only drive in water, they are of little importance for daily passenger traffic in Austria. Ships are mainly used around the world for the transport of heavy goods. For this purpose, they have less impact on the environment compared to trucks and airplanes.
Plane: People and goods are transported by plane. Of all modes of transport, the airplane pollutes the most. Many people complain about noise and emissions from take-off and landing. Above all, the pollutants emitted during a long-haul flight at high altitudes are particularly damaging to the climate. That is why you should avoid flying as much as possible and prefer other means of transport for vacation and travel.
Transport and school - what can we do?
Schoolchildren, teachers and parents make their way to school or work every day. This creates a lot of traffic. Mainly because of the many cars, the streets are then congested at certain times and many people are stuck in traffic jams.
Walking, cycling and public transport are environmentally conscious and safe. The more distances we cover, the greater our contribution to environmental protection and a sustainable society.
Think about how you can make your way to school:
- Can you walk to school with your friends?
- Is there a safe bike path to school?
- Does your school have enough bicycle parking spaces where you can keep your bike safe?
- Are there buses or trams that go to the school?
Choose your way to school so that you get to your destination safely, do something for your fitness and pollute the environment as little as possible.
Did you know that ...
- 4.2 million cars and around 354,000 trucks have already been registered in Austria.
- if all Austrian cars were lined up one behind the other, there would be a line of cars of around 20,500 km. This corresponds to half orbit the earth or 2.5 times the distance from the northernmost to the southernmost point of Africa.
- if all cars in Austria were to be put on football fields, around 7000 large football fields (80x110 meters with a 5x3 meter parking space) would be needed.
- every liter of fuel consumed approx. 4 kg of CO2 caused.
- for one kilometer that a person covers, driving a car is almost 5 times as much CO2-Emissions caused like traveling by train.
- In 2007, 709 million tons of goods were transported in Austria, 354 million tons of them by road, 227 million tons in the air, 116 million tons by rail and 12 million tons on the Danube. For each resident this would be 242 kilograms per day.
- The transport of goods by rail is clearly more “climate-friendly”: If a tonne is transported one kilometer, it causes around 17 times as much CO by truck2-Emissions like with the train.
Milestones in the development of mobility
|3800 BC.||Invention of the wheel. The first wheels were discs made of solid wood.|
|3000 BC:||First historically proven use of sailing ships|
|1400||The first horse-drawn carriages are built.|
|1600||With the invention of steel springs for the suspension of the car, the carriage is increasingly becoming a general means of transport for people.|
|1783||The first functioning steamship with a steam-powered paddle wheel is built in France.|
|1783||The Montgolfier brothers conduct the first flight in a hot air balloon.|
|1825||George Stephenson builds the first steam-powered railroad. The train reaches a speed of 17 km / h.|
|1832||The world's first horse tram runs in New York.|
|1840||Kirkpatrick Macmillan, a farrier from Scotland, invents the first bicycle with cranks and pedals.|
|1862||The word "automobile" was invented when the French engineer Etienne Lenoir built the first gas-powered road vehicle (auto = self, mobile = mobile).|
|1870||The Austrian Siegfried Marcus designs the first gasoline-powered vehicle.|
|1876||Nikolaus August Otto developed the four-stroke engine that formed the basis for the first gasoline engines.|
|1883||The first section of the steam tramway in Vienna opens.|
|1885||One of the first electric trams in Europe runs between Mödling and Hinterbrühl.|
|1885||The first motorcycle is made of wood and reaches a top speed of 18 km / h.|
|1886||The German Gottlieb Daimler manufactured the first four-wheeled motor vehicle: a horse-drawn carriage equipped with a gasoline engine.|
|1895||The first petrol-powered bus has space for 8 passengers. It has 5 HP and drives at an average speed of 14 km / h.|
|1891-1896||The "pioneer of gliding", Otto von Lilienthal, undertakes more than 2000 systematic test flights, the longest of which leads over 300 m. In 1896 he had a fatal accident while attempting a flight.|
|1900||Ferdinand Graf von Zeppelin constructs an airship with a gasoline engine. It is filled with hydrogen and has a rigid metal frame.|
|1903||The Wright brothers make the first successful attempt at flight with a wing powered airplane.|
|1927||Charles Lindbergh takes the first non-stop flight from New York to Paris in 33 hours and 30 minutes.|
|1933||The first flight around the world will take place from July 15th to July 22nd.|
|1947||In an American rocket plane, a person is traveling at supersonic speed for the first time.|
|1957||With the launch of the »Sputnik 1« satellite by the USSR, the satellite age begins and with it a new era in communications technology.|
|1961||The Russian cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin undertakes the first manned flight into space. He orbits the earth in a space capsule.|
|1969||Moon landing of the space shuttle "Apollo 11". Neil Armstrong is the first person to step on the moon.|
|1970||The Boeing 747 jumbo jet goes into operation. With more than 400 seats, it opens the era of wide-body aircraft.|
|1976||The fastest airliner in the world, the Concorde, begins its scheduled service. At 2300 km / h it is almost twice as fast as sound.|
|1976||The U4 is the first subway in Vienna to run between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrücke.|
|1981||The French high-speed train TGV (Train à Grande Vitesse) goes into operation. His speed record set in 1990 is 515 km / h.|
|1997||The Toyota Prius is the first hybrid car to be mass-produced and is now available in the second generation. It has a gasoline engine and an electric motor.|
|2003||The only magnetic levitation train (model Transrapid) to date is being built in Shanghai as an airport feeder. It is an electromagnetic levitation system with linear motor drive and contact-free power supply.|
|2006||In Berlin, two buses with hydrogen combustion engines are in constant use at the 2006 soccer World Cup.|
Source up to 1997: Wiener Linien, »Mobility - Challenge in the New Millennium«
- What affects our environment
- How do I improve my lifestyle
- What is Merchant Banking and its Services
- How did other religions come to Brunei?
- Can I do after b com MA
- Culture defines a person
- What is the geopolitics of Brazil
- What is the usual cutoff for NSEP
- How is the metro in France
- Why are blazers so called
- How are prisoners tied up for transport
- Do Colombia makes food
- Did you get a job after graduation
- What are the largest mines in Australia
- How unemployment causes corruption
- Why is Denmark so perfect
- What is your Pooh Pathology Test Result
- Where did Moses die?
- How do students spend their summers around the world?
- What happens when we smell
- How does foreigner smell
- Why do interest rates vary between countries
- The salaries of the project program managers remain unchanged
- What's your funnest school embarrassment story