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Shivaji Maharaj History

Shivaji Maharaj History: Chhatrapati Shivaji, revered as Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, was a great Maratha ruler. Let's take a look at his life history, Maratha Empire & administration

Shivaji Bhonsle (Marathi [ʃiʋaˑɟiˑ bʱoˑs (ə) leˑ]; c. 1627/1630 - 3 April 1680) was an Indian warrior king and a member of the Bhonsle Maratha clan. Shivaji carved out an enclave from the declining Adilshahi sultanate of Bijapur that formed the genesis of the Maratha Empire. In 1674, he was formally crowned as the chhatrapati (monarch) of his realm at Raigad.

Over the course of his life, Shivaji engaged in both alliances and hostilities with the Mughal Empire, Sultanate of Golkonda, and Sultanate of Bijapur, as well as the English, Portuguese, and French colonial powers. [Citation needed] Shivaji's military forces expanded the Maratha sphere of influence, capturing and building forts, and forming a Maratha navy. Shivaji established a competent and progressive civil rule with well-structured administrative organizations. He revived ancient Hindu political traditions and court conventions and promoted the usage of Marathi and Sanskrit, rather than Persian, in court and administration.

Shivaji's legacy was to vary by observer and time but he began to take on increased importance with the emergence of the Indian independence movement, as many elevated him as a proto-nationalist and hero of the Hindus.



Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Biography
Surname: Shivaji Bhonsle
Date of Birth: February 19, 1630
Birthplace: Shivneri Fort, Pune district, Maharashtra
Parents: Shahaji Bhonsle (Father) and Jijabai (Mother)
Reign: 1674–1680
Spouse: Saibai, Soyarabai, Putalabai, Sakvarbai, Laxmibai, Kashibai
Children: Sambhaji, Rajaram, Sakhubai Nimbalkar, Ranubai Jadhav, Ambikabai Mahadik, Rajkumaribai Shirke
Religion: Hinduism
Death: April 3, 1680
Seat of Power: Raigad Fort, Maharashtra
Successor: Sambhaji Bhonsle



Early life
Shivaji was born in the hill-fort of Shivneri, near the city of Junnar in what is now Pune district. Scholars disagree on his date of birth. The government of Maharashtra lists February 19 as a holiday commemorating Shivaji's birth (Shivaji Jayanti). Shivaji was named after a local deity, the goddess Shivai. Shivaji's father Shahaji Bhonsle was a Maratha general who served the Deccan Sultanates. His mother was Jijabai, the daughter of Lakhuji Jadhavrao of Sindhkhed, a Mughal-aligned sardar claiming descent from a Yadav royal family of Devagiri.

At the time of Shivaji's birth, power in Deccan was shared by three Islamic sultanates: Bijapur, Ahmednagar, and Golkonda. Shahaji often changed his loyalty between the Nizamshahi of Ahmadnagar, the Adilshah of Bijapur and the Mughals, but always kept his jagir (fiefdom) at Pune and his small army with him.

Shivaji Maharaj story: Chhatrapati Shivaji, revered as Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, was a great Maratha ruler. Let's take a look at his life story, Maratha Empire & Administration

Shivaji Bhonsle (Marathi [ʃiʋaˑɟiˑ bʱoˑs (ə) leˑ]; c. 1627/1630 - April 3, 1680) was an Indian warrior king and a member of the Bhonsle Maratha clan. Shivaji created an enclave from the declining Adilshahi Sultanate of Bijapur that formed the emergence of the Maratha Empire. In 1674 he was officially crowned as Chhatrapati (monarch) of his kingdom in Raigad.

Throughout his life, Shivaji engaged in both alliances and hostilities with the Mughal Empire, the Sultanate of Golkonda and the Sultanate of Bijapur, as well as with the English, Portuguese and French colonial powers Maratha area of ​​influence, conquering and building forts and forming a Maratha Navy. Shivaji established a competent and progressive civil government with well-structured administrative organizations. He revived ancient Hindu political traditions and judicial conventions, and encouraged the use of Marathi and Sanskrit, rather than Persian, in the judiciary and administration.

Shivaji's legacy would vary by observer and time, but it began to grow in importance with the emergence of the Indian independence movement, as many elevated him to a protanationalist and hero of the Hindus.



Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj biography
Name: Shivaji Bhonsle
Date of birth: February 19, 1630
Place of birth: Shivneri Fort, Pune District, Maharashtra
Parents: Shahaji Bhonsle (father) and Jijabai (mother)
Reign: 1674-1680
Spouses: Saibai, Soyarabai, Putalabai, Sakvarbai, Laxmibai, Kashibai
Children: Sambhaji, Rajaram, Sakhubai Nimbalkar, Ranubai Jadhav, Ambikabai Mahadik, Rajkumaribai Shirke
Religion: Hinduism
Death: April 3, 1680
Seat of Power: Raigad Fort, Maharashtra
Successor: Sambhaji Bhonsle



Early life
Shivaji was born in Shivneri Fort near Junnar City in what is now Pune District. Scholars do not agree with his date of birth. The government of Maharashtra names February 19 as a holiday to commemorate the birth of Shivaji (Shivaji Jayanti). Shivaji was named after a local deity, the goddess Shivai. Shivaji's father Shahaji Bhonsle was a Maratha general who served the Deccan Sultanates. His mother was Jijabai, the daughter of Lakhuji Jadhavrao of Sindhkhed, a Mughal-oriented Sardar who claimed to be descended from a Yadav royal family from Devagiri.

At the time of Shivaji's birth, power in the Deccan was shared by three Islamic sultanates: Bijapur, Ahmednagar and Golkonda. Shahaji often changed his allegiances between the Nizamshahi of Ahmadnagar, the Adilshah of Bijapur and the Mughals, but always kept his jagir (fiefdom) at Pune and his small army with him.