Is Europe doomed because of demographics?

Immigration, demographics and the labor market: facts instead of reservations

Abstract:

Even today, half a century after the beginning of the recent history of immigration in the Federal Republic of Germany, the public debate about immigration and integration is still often irrelevant. Too little is generally known about the consistently positive experiences with the economic interrelationships between migration, the labor market and the welfare state, and also about the advantages of demand-oriented management of immigration. Instead, populist theses about the supposedly doomed immigrant integration are being echoed, while at the same time an economic correction of immigration policy often arouses skepticism. This article takes up widespread reservations against immigration and refutes them in the light of international scientific knowledge. Targeted public relations “pro” immigration can and must counter reservations with clear facts. Three things should be made clear: (1) Immigration of qualified workers generally brings clear economic advantages. (2) Although in Germany it has so far been more passively accepted than actively designed, the balance sheet for the recent history of German immigration is also positive on balance. (3) With the means of an active and at the same time controlling immigration policy it can be ensured that in future the labor market issues will be given greater consideration when deciding on immigration permits. This will further increase the welfare benefits from immigration and is an important foundation for an even greater acceptance of migrants in our society.

Subjects:

Demographic change
Point system
Selection process for immigrants
inequality
integration
Labor migration
Immigration policy

Document Type:

Working paper