Why does Jesus love you

"There is one who loves you ... Jesus Christ"

Pechanek, Berta (2008) "There is one who loves you ... Jesus Christ".
Diploma thesis, University of Vienna. Faculty of Philological and Cultural Studies
Supervisor: Bockhorn, Olaf

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Abstract in German

The work deals with the development of the parish church of Fünfhaus, Maria vom Siege, to a "modern pilgrimage church" through the introduction of a monthly pilgrimage, which focuses on the inconspicuous miraculous image from the Thirty Years' War. The Viennese Cardinal Joseph Othmar von Rauscher gave the church the name of his Roman titular church "Santa Maria della Vittoria" at the solemn consecration. It was he who vehemently called for the building of the church and pushed for its completion. The monumental sacred building was intended to create a Catholic alternative to the anti-clerical movements that were rampant at the time and was used as a means in the Austrian Kulturkampf. The cardinal was able to win over the famous “neo-Gothic” Friedrich Schmidt to carry out his ambitious plans. The brick building, which is unusual for a parish church, was created through the fruitful collaboration between the Catholic prince and the German pastor's son. The interior is dominated by eight mighty pillars, the paintings of which are made in brick imitation. The iconographic decoration is based on plans by Friedrich Schmidt, in the sense of a total work of art in the "Nazarene style" customary at the time. Although art-historical comparisons with other European churches have been made again and again, the building resembles in many respects above all the Venetian church of Santa Maria della Salute. The dome structure and its two towers were badly damaged in the Second World War, which required permanent renovation work up to the present day. The introduction of a monthly pilgrimage to the bohemian miraculous image, which gave the church its sonorous name, brought new impulses. The picture is a representation of the birth of Jesus, which is commemorated on the 25th of each month. The focus and conclusion of the pilgrimage is the individual blessing given by the priest. The legend of the miraculous image tells of a miraculous intervention by the Blessed Mother in the battle of the White Mountain in favor of the Catholic armies. The charismatic Carmelite Father Dominikus a Jesu e Maria is said to have led the soldiers to victory with the damaged image of the Virgin Mary. The "injuries" of the people depicted in the picture, Mary, Joseph and two shepherds, were scratched out of their eyes, only the baby Jesus was spared, according to the Protestants. This largely rejected a Marian veneration. The extremely pious Emperor Ferdinand and his Commander-in-Chief Duke Max von Bayern, both fanatical admirers of Our Lady, stylized this victory as a significant turning point in the Counter-Reformation and thus influenced the religious landscape of Europe. The pastor's efforts for the church go in the direction that Cardinal Rauscher wished for at the inauguration, namely to be a support for people and their problems, because "There is one who loves you ... Jesus Christ"!

Keywords in German

Mary of Victory / Monthly Pilgrimage / Image of Grace / Thirty Years' War

Document Type: University thesis (diploma thesis)
Author:Pechanek, Berta
Title:"There is one who loves you ... Jesus Christ"
Subtitle:the parish church Maria vom Siege in Vienna Fünfhaus - a more recent pilgrimage church in the middle of a workers' district
Circumference:100 p.: Ill.
Institution:University of Vienna
Faculty:Faculty of Philological and Cultural Studies
Publication year:2008
Language:ger ... German
Supervisor:Bockhorn, Olaf
Assessor:Bockhorn, Olaf
Classification:73 Ethnology, Folklore> 73.08 Regional Ethnology
AC number:AC07067457
Document ID:1273
(The PDF layout is identical to the print version of the university thesis.)

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