How much do graduate pilots earn

Up to what age do they take flight school. The profession is a pilot. About preparing for the flight

The pilot's profession attracts and interests many. After all, there is a certain romance in these takeoffs and landings, the command of the plane, in the sky and in the clouds. In addition, pilots make very good money. According to statistics, their occupation is at the top of the highest-paying jobs. Of course, many people have a question: how can you become a pilot in civil aviation?

In any case, according to experts, you can only become a pilot if you have a flight certificate in hand. Without him, nobody is allowed to be behind the wheel. Today there are three types of such access to the sky:

  • Private pilot
  • Commercial pilot
  • Linear

The assignment to each of the categories takes place gradually and necessarily one after the other. It is impossible to jump over several steps at the same time. In addition, the pilots are divided into categories 1, 2 and 3. The first one here is the tallest. To get it you need to get the second and third first. Accordingly, refresher courses, etc. must be mastered.

Today's pilot training is carried out in:

  • Flight schools
  • Civil Aviation Academy
  • Aero clubs of a commercial nature

The first two options require more serious training so that they produce more reliable professionals who will later become civil aviation pilots. Commercial clubs mostly train amateur pilots who can fly on small ships and only for their own pleasure. Such courses cannot be classified as serious educational programs.

What is required for admission to an educational institution

Many universities that teach pilots have budget seats ... this means that those who really want it have the opportunity to enter. The rest will study on a paid basis, and the price for such studies is quite high. However, it is important to remember that there is a strict selection process for such educational institutions. For example, especially entrance exams. The applicant must undergo a strict medical examination and pass the required standards. During the main inspections, the work of the following body systems is checked:

  • Cardiovascular
  • respiratory tract
  • Vestibular apparatus
  • view

In addition, a student, and in the future a pilot, should not suffer from drops in blood pressure. The same commission is held for each academic year. And if the student already has a job, then such checks are arranged for him before each flight. After all, he is responsible for the lives of hundreds of people, so he cannot afford to deviate.

What programs are studying

For example, pilot training is carried out in Russia in the following areas:

  • Aircraft skills during operations
  • Theoretical and practical lessons on the control of liners
  • Working with Maps and Routing
  • aerodynamics
  • meteorology
  • Basics of engine design
  • Parachute jumps
  • Provide first aid and acquire the necessary medical skills
  • Language upgrades

The prerequisite is a certain number of hours in order to practice the acquired knowledge on special simulators and simulators that fully reflect the real cockpit. The situations for them are very different.

What types of liners can you train for?

Pilots in Russia today are taught various types of civil aircraft - both Russian and foreign. This is due to the fact that the Russian aviation industry has many different foreign aircraft in its arsenal. Special simulators and simulators are used for them. The teachers pay special attention to technical specifications and functions.

Later on, pilots must regularly retrain and expand their work experience to evolve with the industry and select modern ships.

How do I get a job?

The question: how to become a pilot is quite difficult. After all, a graduate, whether a graduate student or a gold medalist rolled into one, is unlikely to be immediately taken on a flight as a full-fledged pilot. He definitely has to develop the practice. After the training, such a graduate receives the title of professional pilot. In the same crew, which includes more than one person, he can only fly as an assistant or co-pilot.

A pilot is hired by the airline according to the following scheme:

  1. He must have completed training and have a flight certificate. Such a document also has its own category - for civil aviation pilots, the professional or linear categories are required
  2. Results of the passed medical examination
  3. Successful oral and written delivery of material
  4. The number of the required number of raids - the pilot receives it while flying the aircraft in various conditions (after completing a degree, it only takes 150 hours to get the category of linear pilot, 4,000 hours of practical flight).

Reaching the category of airline pilot is only possible with impressive flight experience, both as a professional pilot and as a commander. In this case, he has the opportunity to get a job with a major airline without any problems.

Choosing the profession of pilot is a worthy choice. After all, pilots help people get to their desired destination quickly. At the same time, the work is so nervous and difficult - after all, the pilot has a large number of human lives behind his back and he has no right to make a mistake. If he does it, the result can be. And that's all constant nervous stress. In addition, pressure drops affect the pilots, which also has a negative impact on their health. And all of these factors should be considered before deciding to become a civil aviation pilot.

The common wisdom is that "romantics become pilots". Few professions, however, require an attitude as serious as that seen in aviation.

To become a pilot, you first need excellent health. A medical examination (therapist, neurologist, surgeon, ENT doctor and ophthalmologist) is required for admission to a higher aviation facility. Despite the fact that the diagnosis of "unsuitable" for at least one doctor really prohibits work in a certain specialty, they are taken into aviation with many minor diseases. You must undergo regular medical examinations and also after receiving a flight certificate (license).

How to become a pilot in Russia

If health allows, you can start exercising. Universities of this profile are civil aviation universities, flight schools, aviation colleges, aviation schools and military aviation schools, aerospace universities / institutes and private centers that also conduct specialized flight courses.

The training includes theoretical disciplines (which introduce you to aerodynamics, aircraft design, equipment knowledge, and other necessary skills) and hands-on flights that accumulate valuable hours.

The more serious the certificate (and in Russia there are several - the certificate of a microlight aircraft pilot (AC), a certificate of a glider pilot, a certificate of a free balloon pilot, a certificate of a private pilot, a certificate of a professional pilot, a certificate of a pilot with several crew members and a Airline pilot's certificate), the more hours you have to fly.

Another subtle point - flying as a navigator, flight engineer, observer pilot and in other positions cannot be considered a "pilot". If you want to change your qualifications, you will have to set hours again.

To fly "for yourself", all you need to do is obtain a private pilot's license (which allows you to drive your own or rented air transport) and it only takes 40 hours of flight to get it.

How to become a military pilot

To become a military pilot, you must enroll in military service by contract. The first step to service in the RF Air Force will be training at a military educational institution (citizen Russian Federation, having an average (full) general or average professional training). The cadets of such a university are considered to be in active military service and receive all kinds of allowances - in addition to learning all the joys of barracking life.

The time spent studying at the university is included in the entire service time of the armed forces personnel. After successfully completing the training, the graduates receive military ranks. A graduate officer then enters service as a contract soldier on a voluntary basis.

At some universities (such as the Irkutsk Military Aviation Institute), a contract is made with a cadet during training and for a few years after graduation.

First, an application and documents are submitted to the military commissariat or a military unit.

Individuals who have served a term of imprisonment and do not meet the requirements for entering military service under a contract in terms of education, professional and physical training for their position cannot work in military aviation.

A candidate recognized as fit receives a referral to a military unit in the military commissariat in order to conclude a contract. The candidacy of a citizen who has arrived to sign a contract in a military unit is examined by the commander of the military unit.

How to become a civil pilot

To work in civil aviation - airlines - you need 150 hours or more (depending on the requirements of the employer). If after 5 years of training there are still not enough hours in the budget, you will have to get more at your own expense.

It should also be noted that the badge was obtained during service in armed forces The Russian Federation is not counted for civil aviation pilots. Military aviation certification in civil aviation is not recognized. So, if you want to change your specialty to a neighboring one, you need to complete retraining courses in public institution or a private center.

The MSTU GA has been training pilots for civil aviation in Moscow since 2018. Moscow State Technical University of Civil Aviation (MSTU GA), according to the development strategy for 2016-2030, plans to open a new training course in 2018 as part of the Bachelor's degree in "Civil Aircraft Operations". MSTU GA today has all the necessary licenses and permits to train pilots. Theoretical courses are held at the university alone educational programs, which in the first two years of training will largely coincide with the training programs for air traffic controllers. In order to offer simulator and flight exercises, the university will use the training base of a respected foreign educational institution.

Where can I get trained as a civil aviation pilot in Russia?

Bugaeva Personally, it was difficult for me to get into this institute. I went through the "second wave" and there were health problems when I was admitted: I have flat feet.

The surgeon didn't want to miss me and sent me for a foot x-ray. Basically, applicants have vision problems and a curvature of the nasal septum: for this reason, they are usually not allowed to enter.
Severe concussions in the past can also lead to rejection. At first glance, the curvature of the nasal septum is not a problem.
However, at a high altitude, the pressure on all organs increases (it is no accident that the ears are buried there), and with a curvature you will not be able to breathe through the nose. That said, you generally cannot breathe properly when you work.

Studying at the UI GA seems to me to be overall satisfactory. Since the beginning of their studies, around 60 people have been expelled for poor progress.

Education costs

For those who dream of working in the sky, there are two options - flight school and a private pilot school. Aircraft control belongs to the area of ​​"technical operations" and is therefore given optional higher education - secondary specialization is enough.


However, educational institutions have strict requirements for applicants that are not met by all. For example, just like a real pilot, you need to undergo a mandatory medical examination before entering into an employment contract or contract (we're not kidding) and physical fitness checks.

The standards depend on age and gender. The program includes short and long distance running, pulling or pushing up, jumping and exercises for the abdominal muscles. The Medical Flight Expert Commission (VLEK) assesses not only the state of physical, but also mental health.

Initial training for amateur pilots at the stork flying school

All in all, you need to "fly" at least 40 hours to complete the course. One of the main advantages of being a pilot is the high salary.


The copilot receives an average of 150 thousand rubles. per month, and the first - from 300,000 rubles, and you can already become one at the age of 26-27 and do two thousand hours of flight as a copilot. In addition, there are many pleasant rewards waiting for the pilots: 70 days of vacation a year, company flight tickets for themselves and their families and accommodation if they have to work in another city.

For example, the company "Aeroflot" promises pilot salaries of up to 400 thousand rubles. per month (on such a salary a crew commander with the highest qualifications of a professional pilot can count), as well as a social package (up to 300,000 rubles per pilot per year).

How do I become a passenger aircraft pilot?

Only those who recognize it as fit can become a student. Psychological tests mean a lot: if two applicants have the same grades in the certificate, the commission makes a decision in favor of the one who passed them better.

Students should not forget about health after admission: if it deteriorates during exercise, the case may end in exclusion. The unquestionable advantage of public flight schools is the ability to study for free.

After completing the course, their graduates receive the qualification of a professional pilot (the second of three possible: amateur pilot, commercial pilot and line pilot), while private aviation schools can only offer the qualification of amateur pilot. It won't enable you to find a job in your area of ​​expertise, but it will actually enable you to learn to fly an airplane.

Even so, learning at a private school is expensive: a theoretical course costs 45,000.

Aeroflot flight school: training center

Interestingly, the questions are repeated several times in this test: only the wording changes. After the test, you need to pass a medical flight expert commission, which will very carefully check your health, and then meet the physical standards: pulling up, running 100 and 1000 meters. If all tests are passed successfully, enrollment will be based on the results of the exam (Physics, Russian) and Mathematics). Advantages of studying at UI GA - state support (uniform, meals, dormitory with an extra cost of only 700 rubles per year), an interesting program and excellent practice. The downside for someone may be the difficulty in learning, but this is required by the job so I don't consider this to be a downside. Many children are expelled for poor aerodynamics, navigation, and meteorological performance, but everything will be fine if you try.

"Aeromag" flight school "aerograd kolomna" airfield

Read more] If you dream of learning how to pilot an airplane yourself and are starting private pilot training, the summer school ATC "Aeromag", not far from Moscow, is open for you. Learning to fly an airplane and becoming a pilot is actually very easy, no more difficult than mastering driving a car! Get your private pilot license (PPL) by completing the training at our pilot school for the aircraft C-172S with a glass cockpit or by mastering a new type of aircraft C-172S. After that you can fly all over Russia! With the introduction of the flight notification system, it is sufficient to inform the dispatcher about your route via the Internet one hour before departure. AUC "Aeromag" was founded in January 2011 in the most experienced aviation club of the same name in Russia and has been leading its history since 1934. ATC works closely with Sasovskoe, who is named after Hero, Soviet Union Tarana G.A.
Accordingly, savings in training costs do not give you complete experience of negotiating with dispatchers. Is it possible to compensate for the existing badge? Most of the training costs arise from the need to break off a hands-on program and collect plaque. There are times when a trainee already has a badge and wants to credit it so as not to pay twice for hours that have already been flown. Unfortunately, such a badge is usually not counted. Military aviation badge and DOSAAF (ROSTO) obtained during military service of the Russian Federation cannot be included in civil aviation pilot training programs. State aviation (i.e. military) certification in civil aviation is not recognized. Therefore, those who flew in the DOSAAF / ROSTO system, in addition to military pilots, cannot count their raids and certificates because it is under the Ministry of Defense.
We can practice on two types of aircraft: the Diamond DA 40 (initial training aircraft) and the Diamond DA 42 (graduation aircraft). On the DA 40, cadets mainly learn to fly: take-off, landing and visual flight. Everyone should fly 100 hours on it. On the DA 42, flights with instruments and flight routes are carried out to neighboring cities - Samara, Kazan, Penza, Saransk and Cheboksary. You have to fly on it for 50 hours. The length of time you fly so many hours depends on the instructor and the time of year: there have been people who “took off” the first plane in two months. And on the DA 42, the raid is always quick, as the flights are carried out day and night. In addition, this aircraft is not as weather dependent. Usually, you can fly the required number of hours in a month and a half. The flight plan is created by the flight instructor.

Training of civil aviation pilots in Moscow Prize

You shouldn't pay too much for reviews that won't be useful to you in the near future. You can get them later. Organization of training In flight clubs, where training is the main activity, prices are lower due to economies of scale and a streamlining of business processes.

In an aero club made up of a few planes and instructors, training costs a lot more (which we see in Russia). The cost of training also depends on what the instructors are.

In the United States, the practice of hiring newly graduated pilots as instructors who studied themselves a month ago is widespread. In such schools the cost of education is much lower, but the quality is reasonable. The distance between an airfield and a big city The further away an airfield is from a big city, the cheaper the training is usually. In addition, the airfield is often located in an uncontrolled airspace.

A commercial pilot's license is around 4.6 times more expensive. A pilot license is about six times more expensive than PPL, about 30% more expensive than CPL.

The integrated ATPL course requires a "frozen" license. This means that by the end of the program you will have a flight time of approximately 250 hours.

And for the ATPL license to take effect, you have to fly 1500 hours. Accordingly, you have to get a job as a commercial pilot or pay an additional 1250 hours to get the missing flight time.

There is no need to take an integrated course from scratch right away. You can learn gradually over several years. First PPL, then approvals for multi-engine aircraft and instrument flights. Then CPL, ATPL. It's more expensive than an integrated course, but you don't have to allocate a large amount right away and part from family and work for a year.
Words cannot convey what I experienced during my first training flight: euphoria, joy and fear at the same time. Talking about practical training, so if you combine practice with study at the institute, it is not easy to get used to the regime: get up at 4:00 a.m., departure at 5:00 a.m., after lunch you come like one Lemon squeezed from the airfield and you still have to recover the missed lectures and prepare for tomorrow ... After all, you have to prepare for every day of the flight. I also had additional classes through English language ... There was little free time - that is the main difficulty. But these are small things indeed. After all, after graduation, I can get a job with an airline in my area of ​​expertise straight away, although I have to retrain for a new type of aircraft there, which takes about a year. Alexander Molostov, 4th year student of the Ulyanovsk Institute of Civil Aviation, named after V.I. Air Marshal B.P.

The pilot is one of the most romantic and respected modern professions ... Almost all boys and girls dream of becoming either a pilot or a flight attendant. In recent years the country began to experience a shortage of truly professionally trained pilots. The state solves this problem by attracting foreign pilots. And the airlines themselves begin a personal hunt for young professionals from their very first courses at the institutes.

What is actually behind a seemingly simple job like simple air traffic control? "Wanting" is not enough. You have to have a high level of stress resistance, skills, knowledge, and appropriate training.

For one year of service on board a civil aircraft, a pilot receives a salary that is 10-15 times higher than that of a simple office worker. And here it is worth thinking of all young people who are about to choose their future profession.

Not everything is so simple and transparent in this area. On the one hand there is a need for pilots, on the other hand it is not so easy for a graduate of a flight training institution to find a job good job ... Almost all flight operations are based on cheap seats, but not everyone is happily accepted for them. What does that mean?

The first requirement at the beginning of the training and in general before choosing this profession is have excellent health.

The future pilot must have distinguished:

  • Vision;
  • Listen;
  • Cardiovascular system;
  • Lungs and vestibular apparatus.

This is one of the few professions for which there is a strict age limit. You can become a pilot before the age of 30 and not later. Much attention is paid to knowledge of foreign languages ​​... and English is a must for admission to major airlines. The more languages ​​a pilot knows, the more chances he has of getting a job with a well-known airline.


Pilot students live a busy, interesting life ... First of all, their compulsory schooling includes knowledge of the most diverse types of aircraft. Be sure to learn how to navigate, or in other words the pilot's professional language. Many hours of theory and practice in the control of aircraft, lessons in the use of flight routes, orienteering. And also: the basics of first aid and rescue skills, parachuting, meteorology, aerodynamics, construction, from the engine to the aircraft. The volume of information is unusually large and complex.

In addition to studying theory, students must first complete practical training on special simulators, which are located directly in the educational institutions ... Then the pilot must fly a certain number of hours to confirm the certification for his professional suitability.

After graduation, you cannot immediately sit at the helm of a passenger plane. The graduate must fly additional flying lessons to improve their qualifications and obtain a license. An employer is increasingly interested in a pilot who has more flying hours on their track record.

In our country there are only three universities where you can acquire the profession of civil pilot:

Moscow State University of Civil Aviation

Ulyanovsk Institute of Civil Aviation named after Air Chief Marshal B.P. Bugaeva

Other medium-tech aviation institutions are scattered across the country and are in fact small branches of the above universities.

In addition, there are clubs that sell pilot courses.

Usually they are commercial in nature with their own tiered education system.

  1. Stage one (initial). Issues an amateur pilot's certificate with no labor law. You can fly for your own pleasure, but with no passengers.
  2. 2nd stage (commercial). After completing the first level of training, the pilot can improve his qualifications and get a job on small commercial flights. It is permitted to drive light single-engine aircraft and fly short distances.
  3. 3rd level of airline pilot. The most sought-after and highly paid category in the employers' market. You can get it only after completing the previous two or with a diploma from a special education institution.

Airline pilots have the most flying hours and have priority over other categories in recruitment.

License (certificate)

As you already understood above, there are three categories of civil aviation pilots in our country:

  1. Private pilot;
  2. Commercial pilot;
  3. Line pilot.

If you want to fly, you will be given a pilot's license confirming your right to complete courses or institutes.

Issue license or a pilot's license is required:

  • Age: for an amateur pilot - at least 18 years, for an airline pilot - 21 years;
  • Medical certificate... Validity: 3 years if the pilot is up to 40 years old, 2 years - after 40 years.
  • Certification for theoretical training: aircraft design, practical aircraft operation, aircraft navigation, aviation medicine.
  • Practice being at the helm in person for at least 42 hours. Flying under the guidance of an instructor who is entitled to on-site education and training.

If you have a certain amount of money and you want to fly, if you don't buy a helicopter, then you can learn how to fly.

It's not uncommon for private aviation schools to provide you with a helicopter driver's license almost as easily as a car. To do this, you need to pass the theoretical part of the material and fly the required number of hours.

In terms of tuition fees, the price varies depending on:

  • helicopter type;
  • their previous education and the amount of knowledge you have in the field of aviation.

In most cases, the training takes place individually under the supervision of an experienced instructor. If the training takes place in groups, up to 5 people will no longer be completed.

After completing the training and passing all exams, a state-recognized certificate for an amateur civil aviation pilot is issued. At this point you already know all possible permitted flight routes and for which air zones an additional permit is required.

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The pilot's profession is diverse and interesting. The pilots are competent in various areas of life. You can disassemble and reassemble an airplane's engine in 5 minutes, recite a rhyme in Chinese, and even soothe 500 panicked passengers. What are the pros and cons of being a pilot, how and where to learn how to fly an airplane? Read our article.

Where can I get pilot training?

How to Become a Pilot (Method 1): Study at a civil aviation university

The work of the universities is therefore financed from the federal budget, if you pass entrance exams well, you can become a pilot for free.

Anyone who has completed 11 school classes can enroll as a pilot at a university. Use results in Russian, Math and Physics.

The applicant can choose which diploma to obtain: either a bachelor's degree - pilot in 4 years or a specialized pilot engineer in 5 years. Admission to a specialist degree is usually more difficult.

In the budget department of the St. Petersburg State University of Civil Aviation, the minimum number of points per pilot in 2018 is 192.

In 2018 there were 125 budget places at the Faculty of Aircraft Operations and Air Traffic Management of the SPbSU Civil Aviation.

Tuition fee for one academic year taking practical experience into account

~ 178,000 rubles.

How do I become a pilot (withsecond manual): go to flight school

In schools, unlike universities, full course. The training does not last 5 years, but 2 years and 10 months. During this time, the students have a complete mastery of the subject, practice their practice and at the end receive the qualification of a professional pilot and can work in this area.

School tuition is free and financed by the state. The students get everything they need: scholarships, textbooks and simulators, hostels for non-residents - the boys are comfortable.

You enter the schools after 11 grades through a certificate competition (table of final grades in all subjects for grades 10 and 11).

How to Become a Pilot (Method 3): Enroll in a private pilot school

Few learn there for free, but for that you have to win a repost contest. But there is absolutely no competition for admission, you just need to be an average general education pilot.

A theoretical course (~ 120 hours) costs ~ 50,000 rubles. The price for the practice is "floating", it depends on the aircraft model selected for the training. Renting a plane costs 10,000 rubles / hour and another 25,000 / hour. Professional instructors will teach you everything you need for a full flight: from professional English to the technical intricacies of aircraft equipment.

After completing their studies, graduates receive certificates from an amateur pilot. You have to fly 42 hours to get it. It is inconvenient, but with such a classification you cannot work as a pilot. However, you can fly a personal or chartered aircraft for your own pleasure.

Advantages and disadvantages of a pilot:

Disadvantages of working as a pilot

Think about your health. Many complaints, even minor and insignificant, can be sufficient reason for the Medical Board to reject your candidacy. Both pilots and the air force only need healthy ones. You need to monitor your condition throughout your studies because if it suddenly deteriorates the student will be expelled and may not have a better chance of becoming a pilot.

One of the main points in the medical examination passed as a pilot - psychological tests ... It is his result that becomes crucial when applicants with the same certificates apply for the same place.

There are no separate internal tests in this specialty, but you must meet the standards of physical culture:

Physical standards for a pilot in SPbGU GA for men (lower threshold):

  • Run 1000 meters - 3 minutes. 45 sec
  • Run 100 meters - 13.9 seconds
  • Pull-ups - 9 times

Physical standards for a pilot at St. Petersburg State University GA for women (lower threshold):

  • Run 1000 meters - 4 minutes. 35 sec
  • Run 100 meters - 16.5 seconds
  • Pull-ups - 10 times

It's difficult as a pilot to jump into a large company right away. There is a limit to the number of flying hours you need to get a job as a pilot. Hence, most beginners go to small regional businesses and then to more serious organizations.

By the way, almost everywhere you have to go through advanced training programs to learn how to operate a particular aircraft model.

The professionals to be a pilot

The difficulties in studying and getting admission as a pilot are more than offset by the working conditions.

Even beginners can get 150,000 rubles or more.

Career growth depends directly on the hours "flown". For their work, pilots are usually given 70 days of vacation, preferential plane tickets for children and husband / wife, a good social package.

All pilots often look very presentable: stylish uniforms that arouse the envy of passers-by, erudition and foreign language skills, a healthy body and the ability to spend a lot of time in the sky.