What do you mean by NVA reduction

The dissolution of the National People's Army (NVA)

Military reform 1989/90

The massive upheavals in the political and social system of the GDR that started with the fall of the Berlin Wall in November 1989 also affected the NVA.

Heinz Keßler, Minister for National Defense, who had been loyal to the SED for many years, resigned from his post in November 1989. Admiral Theodor Hoffmann was his successor from November 18, 1989 to April 23, 1990. He took the initiative for a rapid separation of party political and military leadership and convened the "Military Reform of the GDR" commission, which, by resolution of December 21, 1989, was given the status of a government commission by the Council of Ministers.

On the one hand, this commission dealt with general issues such as disarmament, alliance membership, the future of Germany and the future role of the NVA in the new international political situation. On the other hand, the specific demands of the NVA soldiers to improve their service conditions had to be taken into account, such as a shortening of the basic military service, the possibility of doing community service, etc.

With the new minister and the military reform, a change in the military policy guidelines, the defense laws and the organizational structure of the Ministry of Defense according to democratic standards was in prospect. On January 1, 1990, senior positions in the Ministry of Defense were newly filled. By February 15, all political organs in the NVA were dissolved.

Under the Modrow government, further important reforms were implemented up to the 1990 Volkskammer elections: the NVA was placed under the parliamentary control of the Volkskammer of the GDR, military jurisdiction was abolished and the administrative area of ​​the former Ministry for State Security (MfS), which was responsible for monitoring the NVA and the border troops was responsible, was disbanded.

From the spring of 1990 onwards, the Round Table, which had been involved in government affairs since January 15, 1990, was also included in the discussions about military reform. On February 6, representatives of the government commission “Military Reform of the GDR” met with representatives of the round table for discussion. On February 26th, Minister Theodor Hoffmann presented his reform program and the newly developed military policy guidelines to the round table. The new military policy of the GDR should pursue disarmament and peacekeeping as top goals.