How do I discover my learning style

What types of learner are there? Tips for determining the learner type and suitable aids

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What are learner types?

Who does not know this (whether from themselves or from their child): Learned for 30 minutes in a supposedly concentrated manner, only to then wonder why so little got stuck ...? So we all know from our own experience that a certain amount of time is unfortunately not always reflected in learning success. This is no different with children and can have very different causes (wandering thoughts, noisy surroundings, no motivation, ...). But to a certain extent it is always due to the learning strategy used. Which strategy in turn is successful depends on individual "preferences", the respective "learner type". We therefore explain how you can find out with your child the learning preferences that correspond to their learning type, so that everyone only has to spend as much time as is absolutely necessary on drumming.

As early as 1638, the philosopher, theologian and one of the first pedagogues Johann Amos Comenius encouraged people to use as many senses as possible while learning, to learn more successfully. But the development of the sensory organs varies from person to person: Everyone absorbs the subject matter best in different ways. In the vernacular, therefore, one speaks of different types of learners who learn successfully with different aids.

However, one thing in advance: Scientifically speaking, there is no evidence for the existence of certain types of learners. The term "learning type" was first used in 1975 by Frederic Vester in his book "Thinking, Learning, Forgetting" and established itself over the years. However, his theory at the time is subject to legitimate criticism (more on this later).

Now you may be asking yourself: what now, learner types, all nonsense? No master plan possible? It's not like that either! Vester's learner types may not exist - Vester's model suggests a rigid orientation towards a sense organ - but we know the phenomenon from ourselves: some of us can remember what is said very well, others prefer to take notes, others have to have "touched" once. So everyone has certain preferences in order to be able to absorb and retain information better.

Accordingly, it also makes sense to use the to find out your personal "learner type" as early as possiblein order to know how to use individual preferences for yourself. Because there are countless creative tips for learning - but they are only really effective if they also fit your own learning style. Important: As already mentioned, there is no such thing as one type of isolated learner. they are coming basically mixed before (although a preference usually dominates): e.g. some children learn well by writing a summary (visual learner type), while walking around the room helps others to review the material (motoric learner type). So do the "scoyo learning type test" with your child right away and just try out different aids.

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What types of learner are there anyway?

The visual learner type: 

The most dominant preference of this type of learner is visual perception. Visual learners are particularly good at storing information while reading text and looking at graphs. If your child is one of this learner type, it can help to illustrate the learning material by creating graphics, mind maps and learning posters so that it can be better internalized.

Learning aids for this type of learner: books, sketches, pictures, learning posters, videos, flash cards, writing summaries (e.g. as a cheat sheet, which of course you don't use in class), colorful highlighters 

You can find even more learning tips on this type of learner in our article "The visual learner: learning methods and tips"

The auditory learner type:

Does your child move their lips while reading or is they quick to grasp? These are two possible signals that your child may be an auditory learner. Auditory learners learn best by listening. In this way, they also get along very well with traditional frontal teaching. Auditory learner types should read texts aloud and ensure a calm learning environment. Why not suggest that your child speak texts on a tape recorder.

Learning aids for the auditory type of learner: learning cassettes, conversations, lectures, music

You can find even more learning tips on this "learner type" in our article "The auditory learner type: learning methods and tips"

The motor learning type:

The principle of "learning by doing" fully applies to this type of learner. Motor learners save something best after trying it out for themselves. And they need movement while learning. The rule here is: the more, the better.

So if your child walks around the room while studying or rocks in the chair, this does not always have to be a sign of lack of concentration - on the contrary. You can support your child by giving them the opportunity to learn with clear materials such as models and experiment kits. Role play also suits this type of learner.

Learning aids for this type of learner: (rhythmic) movements, imitation, group activities, role play

You can find even more learning tips on motor learning types in our article "The motor learning type: learning methods and tips"

The communicative learner type:

For the communicative learner, speaking is but above all the exchange with others, extremely important. He learns best by talking about the material: He likes to explain and discuss and for this reason learns best in a group.

Maybe you can get friends or siblings to study together? Role plays such as an interview or a quiz are particularly popular with communicative learners.

Learning aids for this type of learner: dialogues, discussions, study groups, question-answer games

You can find even more learning tips on the communicative learner in our article "The communicative learner: learning methods and tips"

Learner type test: which learner type does my child belong to?

We have developed a learner type test to help you better assess your child's preferred learning methods and resources. The test result helps you to develop suitable learning strategies with your child for the respective school subject. The important thing is that you these strategies vary over and over againto appeal to different sensory organs. So find out right away which learner type your child belongs to:

Criticism of the model of the learner types

Returning to the concept of learner types: Vester's original learner type model divided four types - the auditory, the visual, the haptic and the cognitive types. Scientists such as Prof. Maike Looßcriticize the logic behind the division: According to his theory, the learner type 1-3 would acquire knowledge through sensory organs alone. So perceiving things was equated with learning things. The cognitive process that is essential for this is a separate learner type. Today (not only) research knows that learning is not possible without cognitive (processing) performance (in the brain). However, the learner type model has meanwhile "become independent" beyond Vester's theory: New learner types have been added, old ones have been removed. The four learning types "logical-abstract", "safety-loving", "emotional" and "creative-chaotic" are now very common. These learner types are often presented in lectures on the subject of "learning to learn", for example. After all, who doesn't like to have an orientation on how learning can be successful? On top of that, one that you can determine yourself?

In cognitive science today, however, one prefers to speak of "Learning styles": These are cognitive and affective learning behaviors that remain stable. In short: preferred learning methods and learning materials. They describe whether your children prefer to learn with books, videos or in study groups. So, despite everything, "testing" your child makes sense. The result helps you to better assess what kind of learning methods and learning materials your child (currently!) Prefers. The important thing here is: It's all in the mix! As Comenius already knew: people learn best when as many sense organs as possible are used. The more complex are the (cognitive) processing processes in the brain and the more diverse the knowledge is.

A Mixture of visual and auditory tasks offers, for example, the learning world by scoyo, in which children learn in a playful way. The Everyday stories prepared using multimedia challenge the child in various subjects and levels of difficulty.

You will find a mix of audiovisual and auditory tasks at scoyo:

So observe your child: what kind of learning does your child enjoy most, what brings success? You should also try out other learning methods and resources to see whether they also achieve the desired results (or even better).