Computer programmers work a lot
How do I become a programmer?
When you were in kindergarten, you were most likely to be found in the Lego corner? Do you like to think logically and analytically and find algorithms exciting? You are a team player, but you don't necessarily need daily contact with new people and can you imagine spending several hours at a time alone in front of your PC? If you also have patience and like to deal with smaller details, programming could be your dream job. Programming has a lot less to do with math than you might think, but much more to do with processes and logic. Basically, your job is to tell your computer what to do in a way that it understands your commands. Depending on whether you want the computer to display an interactive website or to model developments on the financial market, you will use different programming languages and write the appropriate code.
Computer science, information technology, electrical engineering and information technology, project management
Important school subjects
German, English, computer science, mathematics
Starting salary as a programmer
€ 1.900 – 3.000
80% / 20%
Working as a programmer
Important skills as a programmer
Of course, as a programmer, you should already be able to speak one or more languages. However, since technology is advancing rapidly, a high willingness to learn new things is almost even more important than your existing skills. You have to be able and ready to learn new programming languages, to familiarize yourself with new technologies and to get used to new tools. In addition to writing code, you will also often have to “fix” bugs - that is, find errors in programs and correct them. Above all, this requires a good deal of patience. You should also distinguish yourself through your precise way of working, especially because you also have to document your code, i.e. comment as clearly as possible so that other team members understand what you have tinkered. Your English should be business fluent, because that is often the working language in the internationally oriented IT industry.
Important soft skillsIndependenceTeam abilityAccuracyReliabilityTime management
How do I become a programmer?
The well-known saying applies to programmers: “Many roads lead to Rome”. You can do an apprenticeship as an IT specialist in Germany and split your time between work in the company and the vocational school for 3 years. Or you go to university with a high school diploma and study computer science. Then you need at least 6 semesters in the Bachelor and 4 semesters in the Master.
In Austria you usually complete a technical school or vocational college (3 years) or do an apprenticeship in IT. A university degree in computer science or another technical degree is also conceivable. However, relevant training is not a prerequisite for young professionals in all companies. Your practical experience and a broad portfolio of projects are usually much more important. If you can prove that you can write clean, working code, many employers won't care too much where you learned it.
Advanced training and specializations
If you intend to advance quickly and possibly manage projects or take on personnel responsibility, a degree is definitely helpful. Courses and advanced training in the field of project management can also be beneficial to your career. However, as a programmer, you have to train yourself on a daily basis, even without ambitions for advancement, by independently acquiring new tools and techniques.
Future prospects as a programmer
Every company needs a technology department, and software developers are in demand in every industry. As a programmer, you can easily switch back and forth between industries, you are in demand everywhere and can usually also charge a handsome salary for your services. Depending on which programming languages you are learning and which areas you work in, you can program websites, apps, games, software solutions, databases and much more. Then, depending on your specialization, you are a database programmer, system programmer, web developer, application software developer, or you have some other job title that your mom is guaranteed not to understand. In addition, you are actually completely independent of location and can work in any country in which you can speak the working language, because code works the same all over the world. In a world that is increasingly dominated by technology, you don't have to worry about your job security as a programmer.
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