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PRESENTATION ON CONTRIBUTION OF WOMEN IN INDIAN ECONOMY
SUBMITTED TO: MR.C.S.AROnkar SUBMITTED BY: ANIZA OTTO ANJALI ITORIA AKANSHA SEN anamika yadav
INDIAS CONTRIBUTION TO WORLD ECONOMY:
India has been integrated into the world economy since the 14th century Its world economy became global after 1500 Specific routes and points of contact became critical by 1800: especially the coasts and northwest interior In the 1800s, The British Empire produced a new territorial domain for the evolution of modern state power
POPULATION OF INDIA:
Countries> 20 million population <$ 1,000 percapita GDP (UNICEF data 1994) Nigeria Viet Nam Indonesia Pakistan Bangladesh Philippines Egypt Ethiopia Myanmar India Zaire Other Tanzania Sudan Kenya Korea, DPR Uzbekistan Nepal China Uganda
Historical Share of Global GDP
Facts about India
Largest democracy in the world Land boundaries with Bangladesh, Bhutan, Myanmar, China, Nepal and Pakistan Area: 3,287,590 sq.km (slightly more than one-third the size of US) Coastline: 7,000 k.m. Population: 1,065,070,607 (Growth rate of 1.44%) - second largest population in the world Sex ratio: 1.07 male (s) / female Life expectancy at birth: 63.25 years (male) and 64.77 years (female) Ethnic groups: Indo-Aryan 72 %, Dravidian 25%, Mongoloid and other 3% Religions: Hindu (81.3%), Muslim (12%), Christian (2.3%), Sikh (1.9%), Others (2.5%) Literacy: 59.5% (total population) ; 70.2% (male); and 48.3% (female)
Wife Mother Sister Bread earner Compassionate member of the society
INDIAN WOMEN IN MODERN TIMES
Categories of employment (1991) Female Agricultural laborer 46.3% Male 23.0%
Household industry Non-household industry Services Other categories
3.5% 3.8% 8.3% 3.5%
2.1% 8.8% 10.8% 15.5%
Barriers to Female Employment
Cultural Restrictions Hierarchical society (caste system) Purdah system: the veiling and seclusion of women Discrimination at Workplace More prevalent in fields where male competition is high Less prevalent in fields where competition is low Lack of employment opportunities
Recognize Famous Faces
KALPANA CHAWLA MEERA NAIR
Sushmita Sen Aishwarya Rai
PROGRESS OF WOMEN:
1879: John Elliot Drinkwater Bethune established the Bethune School in 1849, which developed into the Zin 1879, thus becoming the first women's college in India.
1883: Chandramukhi Basu and Kadambini Ganguly became the first female graduates of India and the British Empire.
1916: The first women's university, SNDT Women's University, was founded on June 2, 1916 by the social reformer Dhondo Keshav Karve with just five students. 1917: Annie Besant became the first female president of the Indian National Congress. 1919: For her distinguished social service, Pandita Ramabai became the first Indian woman to be awarded the Kaiser-i-Hind by the British Raj.
1925: Sarojini Naidu became the first Indian born female president of the Indian National Congress.
1927: The All India Women's Conference was founded.
1944: Asima Chatterjee became the first Indian woman to be conferred the Doctorate of Science by an Indian university
1947: On August 15, 1947, following independence, Sarojini Naidu became the governor of the United Provinces, and in the process became India's first woman governor. 1951: Prem Mathur becomes the first Indian women commercial pilot of the Deccan Airways 1953: Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit became the first woman (and first Indian) president of the United Nations General Assembly
1959: Anna Chandy becomes the first Indian woman judge of a High Court (Kerala High Court) 1963: Sucheta Kriplani became the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, the first woman to hold that position in any Indian state. 1966: Captain Durga Banerjee becomes the first Indian woman pilot of the state airline, Indian Airlines. 1966: Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay wins Ramon Magsaysay award for community leadership. 1966: Indira Gandhi becomes the first woman Prime Minister of India 1970: Kamaljit Sandhu becomes the first Indian woman to win a Gold in the Asian Games 1972: Kiran Bedi becomes the first female recruit to join the Indian Police Service.
1979: Mother Teresa wins the Nobel Peace Prize, becoming the first Indian female citizen to do so. 1984: On May 23, Bachendri Pal became the first Indian woman to climb Mount Everest.
1989: Justice M. Fathima Beevi becomes the first woman judge of the Supreme Court of India.
1997: Kalpana Chawla becomes the first India-born woman to go into space. 1992: Priya Jhingan becomes the first lady cadet to join the Indian Army (later commissioned on March 6, 1993) 1994: Harita Kaur Deol becomes the first Indian woman pilot in the Indian Air Force (IAF), on a solo flight. 2000: Karnam Malleswari became the first Indian woman to win an Olympic medal (bronze medal in the 2000 Summer Olympics at Sydney)
2002: Lakshmi Sahgal became the first Indian woman to run for the post of President of India. 2004: Punita Arora became the first woman in the Indian Army to don the highest rank of Lieutenant General. 2007: Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak became the first Indian woman to be appointed as University Professor at an Ivy League university (Columbia University). 2007: Pratibha Patil becomes the first woman President of India. 2008: Renu Khator became the first India born woman to lead a major American university, the University of Houston. 2009: Meira Kumar became the first woman Speaker of Lok Sabha, the lower house in Indian Parliament
INDIAS TOP BUSINESS WOMEN: Dr. Kiran Mazumdar-Shaw Ekta Kapoor Sunita Narain Sunita NarainMallika Srinivasan
Sulajja Firodia Motwani Naina Lal Kidwai
Dr. Jatinder Kaur Arora
Indra Krishnamurthy Nooyi,
NOTABLE INDIAN WOMEN IN DIFFERENT FIELD: Arts and entertainment:
Singers and vocalists such as M.S. Subbulakshmi, Gangubai Hangal, Lata Mangeshkar and Asha Bhosle are widely revered in India. Many actresses such as Aishwarya Rai. Anjolie Ela Menon is a famous painter.
Although the general sports scenario in India is not very good, some Indian women have made notable achievements in the field. Some of the famous female sportspersons in Indian include P. T. Usha, J. J. Shobha (athletics), Kunjarani Devi (weightlifting), Diana Edulji (cricket), Saina Nehwal (badminton), Koneru Hampi (chess) and Sania Mirza (tennis). Karnam Malleswari (weightlifter), is the only Indian woman to have won an Olympic medal (Bronze medal in 2000).
Through the Panchayat Raj institutions, over a million women have actively entered political life in India. As per the 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendment Acts, all local elected bodies reserve one-third of their seats for women. Although the percentages of women in various levels of political activity has risen considerably, women are still under-represented in governance and decision-making positions. Some of the notable women leaders in India include Indira Gandhi, Sushma Swaraj, Vasundhara Raje Scindia, Sheila Dikshit, Jayalalitha, Uma Bharati, Mayawati, Mamata Banerjee Sindhu Joyand Sonia Gandhi. On July 25, 2007 the country's ever first woman president Pratibha Patil was sworn in.
Sudha Murthy, Sarojini Naidu, Chandabai, Subhadra Kumari Chauhan, Mahadevi Varma, Shivani, Anita Desai, Arundhati Roy, Shashi Deshpande, Shobha De, Kiran Desai, Jhumpa Lahiri, etc. are some of the notable female Indian authors. Religion Mata Amritanandamayi, Mother Meera, Mate Mahadevi Other fields Shahnaz Husain is one of the popular Indian beauticians and entrepreneur. Mirudhubashini Govindarajan is a women's healthcare specialist.
LEADINGS WOMENS OF INDIA:
Indira nooyi Chanda kochar Ayesha Dharker (Actress) Schauna Chauhan Saluja (Businesswoman) Smitha Sarah Fenn (Jewelery designer) Puja Nayyar (Fashion designer) Konkona Sensharma (Actress) Sania Mirza (Tennis player) Ekta Kapoor (Television and film producer) Ujjwala Raut ( Model) Anoushka Shankar (sitarist) Shreya Ghosal (playback singer)
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