How does a chicken come to life

Beginner's knowledge of keeping chickens

Step by step to your own flock of chickens

It is a common myth that chickens are only comfortable on farms. Chickens can also be kept in the home garden - provided the conditions are right.

Our tip

Keeping chickens is not that difficult, at least not if a few points are observed.

The most important requirement before the new roommates move in, however, is a good book or a good website to get some basic knowledge. After all, you don't buy a car if you don't have a driver's license. So the theory comes before the practice and then you can start.

Step 1: the space requirement

A chicken, however small it may be, needs space. The more chickens are to be purchased, the more space must be made available to them. It should also be remembered that if the chickens can move around freely in the garden, they will not take much care of borders and beds.

It is therefore better to have an area in the garden specially allocated for the chickens, which is fenced in with a fence that is more or less high, depending on the flight ability of the breed.

Our tip

The area per chicken should be around 10 square meters.

Step 2: building the stable

A solid hen house is necessary for keeping chickens. At least from the chicken's point of view, it doesn't have to be a highlight. Especially for beginners who only want to keep a few small chickens, the specialist trade offers numerous solutions such as the following stalls for 4-5 bantams:

Even the ambitious hobby craftsman will certainly create a nice dwelling for the flock of chickens. The chicken coop does not have to be particularly isolated, because most chicken breeds are hardy.

Our tip

You don't always have to build a chicken coop from scratch. Because some garden houses are ideal as chicken coops and only need to be adapted with a few small adjustments. Here you can find out exactly how it works and which garden houses are suitable.

However, it is important to have a draft-free, well-ventilated chicken housing that offers the chickens not only perches and nests but also access to clean feed and water.

Depending on the breed of chicken, you can keep up to 5 chickens on one square meter of housing area, provided that there is of course an appropriate space. However, the following applies: the larger the barn, the better, because this not only pleases the chickens, but also allows the keeper to work comfortably with daily barn hygiene.

Step 3: acquiring the chickens

Once the preparations have been made, the barn and exercise area are ready, the chicken feed has been bought, the chickens can finally move in. The hobby chicken farmer who enjoys his garden dwellers and would like to look forward to a morning egg for breakfast is then faced with a gigantic selection of breeds. Fighting chicken, country chicken, laying chicken or would you rather give a battery chicken a good life in the garden at home? Robust, native land breeds such as the following are ideal for beginners in keeping chickens:

Chicken breeds suitable for beginners


The Sussex chickens were originally raised in England as pure farm chickens around 1880. A cattle that had both a good fattening ability and was one of the good egg layers ...

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Around 1900, Oskar Vorwerk from Othmarschen made the decision to breed a cattle that corresponded to the drawing of the Lakenfeld chicken. However, it should be clearly in the country chicken type ...

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The Sundheimer Huhn was originally bred as an easy-to-fatten meat chicken in Sundheim am Rhein. The Sundheimer is therefore the only “real Baden” breed of chicken. For the first time in 1886 this ...

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Plymouth Rock

The Plymouth Rock Chicken comes, as the name suggests, from Plymouth in the USA. In the 1860s it was named Barred Plymouth Rock, which ...

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The Cochin chicken originally comes from Cochin-China (now Vietnam), where it has also been known as Shanghai chicken since the 1850s. It is said to have been Queen Victoria who gave the chicken ...

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These chicken breeds are calm in nature, quickly become trusting and make little demands on keeping and feeding. At this point, beginners are advised not to use “liberated” chickens. That would be a good deed, but you won't get much pleasure from the sophisticated battery hybrids without great effort. Especially when it comes to keeping (warmth) and feeding (special feed) they have special requirements and they are certainly not a feast for the eyes.

Step 4: tap or not tap

Since chickens lay eggs even without a rooster, the question arises: Why buy a rooster at all? After all, his Kikeriki doesn't always bring joy, at least not when the neighbors complain.

The rooster takes on important tasks in the flock of chickens:

  • The most important aspect is that Offspring. If you not only keep chickens, but also want to look forward to offspring in your flock of chickens, you can certainly not avoid buying a rooster.
  • But a rooster in the hen flock is also of great importance for social behavior. He brings Rest in the herd.
  • He guarded and protected she and often acts as a mediator in hen disputes.

Nevertheless, a rooster is not absolutely necessary for keeping chickens, it works without it.

Our tip

If a rooster is purchased, an older one is recommended. Because he brings a wealth of experience in the management of the hens and so relieves the chicken farmer of a good portion of work in raising the pullets.

Approx. 6 hens should be available per rooster. If there are not enough hens, they are too often "made happy" by the rooster and stress and unrest can easily arise in the herd.

Step 5: the work around the chickens

Animals do work - chickens too, of course. However, compared to many other pets, the effort is clearly limited. Because the daily egg collection can certainly not be seen as an expense, the daily feeding and filling of the troughs will certainly be done with joy by the new chicken farmer.

Only the hygiene takes more or less time, depending on the number of chickens kept. Every 2 to 3 days the feed troughs and drinking troughs should be cleaned, and the manure boards, if any, should be freed from the remains of the flock. Once a month the barn is then thoroughly cleaned and disinfected as required - an effort that is worth the effort and is rewarded with happy, hard-working chickens.

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Buy chickens - purchase of chickens

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Send chickens

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Pedigree chicken yes or no?

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Stable and exercise area for beginners

Once the thought has been made that chickens should liven up the garden at home in the future and the first chicken books have been devoured, the detailed work begins. A suitable chicken coop is needed. ...

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Our book tips: Keeping chickens for beginners

There are now an unmanageable number of books about chickens and chicken husbandry. Unfortunately, there are also a lot of them that are written very theoretically and do not help the beginner. In the following we have selected books that are fun to read.


Garden is looking for chickens

The quiet chuckle and cackle means pure relaxation. Whether cute feather-footed bantams that leisurely stroll through the garden or sedate Amrocks, the egg-laying woolly milk sow among the chicken breeds?

Price: approx. Watch it now at other buyers' reviews and details)

Our first chickens

This guide will give you an authentic understanding of all the important things about keeping chickens from Joanna and her family. Browse through and find out almost by the way what is important in practice.

Price: approx. Watch it now at other buyers' reviews and details)

Chicks in the City

Even in the city, i.e. in the smallest of spaces, it is possible to keep chickens in a species-appropriate manner, as many urban chicken keepers around the world have proven. In this book you will find everything you need to know to get started with urban chicken farming.

Price: approx. Watch it now at other buyers' reviews and details)

Everything about chickens

Especially for beginners, the book first answers the twelve most frequently asked questions about animal welfare. He gives tips on safe chicken coop and exercise, on feeding, health and hygiene.

Price: approx. Watch it now at other buyers' reviews and details)