What is linen cotton

What is linen

linen

In nature is linen (in English: linen) a fiber obtained from the stems of the flax plant, which Flax fiber. The name flax, which is sometimes used synonymously for linen, is derived from this plant, which is often also referred to as common flax. The fiber line is one of the Bast fibersbecause it forms bundles. Cotton fibers, on the other hand, consist of unconnected individual fibers.

Half linen are textiles that consist of at least 40 percent flax (linen) and contain cotton mixed are.

Pure linen on the other hand is a material that to 100% consists of flax, linen is used for both weft and warp threads.

Linen fabrics have been on the rise again for several years, as more emphasis is placed on ecological natural fibers. Linen fabrics are of high quality and finely woven. The list on Uses for linen is long. Linen is traditionally used for clothing, but especially for bed linen. In addition, high-quality book covers are made from the material. The canvas is not a coincidental word creation, the covering actually also consists of a linen fabric. Linen is also found in industry, where the material is mainly used as Natural fiber or reinforcement of synthetic fiber used.

What are the properties of linen?

The Natural fiber Linen properties are: The fiber is easy to divide, easy to spin, smooth and traps little air. These properties ensure that linen lint-free, dirt-repellent, bactericidal and antistatic is.

The fiber is used in articles such as clothing and linen. A linen fabric is breathable. Linen fibers can absorb moisture from the air and release it into the environment and therefore have a cooling effect. That is why linen is also ideal for summer bed linen. Linen fabrics still have a dry, warming effect and are tear-resistant, but completely inelastic. The lack of elasticity makes the fabrics very prone to creasing.

Linen fabrics must not be rubbed or scrubbed and must be worn with a Gentle cycle getting washed. Because of the susceptibility to rubbing, the fabrics are unsuitable for dryers. In addition, dry heat damages the textile, so it should still be slightly damp when ironing. That are all important information for care, so that the fabrics are preserved for a long time.

The linen advantages at a glance

  • robust and tear-resistant
  • Well for allergy sufferers suitable
  • dirt-resistant and lint-free
  • cooling and pleasant
  • bactericidal and antistatic

How is linen grown?

The Flax plant (english flax) needs a maritime climate and is prone to frost, so the farmer should sow flax early. Proximity to the coast is optimal, which is why there is only in Germany in the north Growing areas for linen. There is conventional cultivation or controlled organic cultivation. In conventional cultivation, pesticides and mineral fertilizers are used. At the controlled organic cultivation (in short: kbA) a change in the traditional cultivation method is completely dispensed with. Which way is better and which leads to reduced quality of linen is often discussed. Constant contact with the water is very important, otherwise the plant threatens to dry up.

Now the question arises: How is linen made? The Linen plant is torn up and roasted. After the plant has been separated from the wood and combed out, the fibers can be spun into yarn. The final stage of production concerns that Spinning or weaving the fibers to linen fabric, from which one can then make linen textile. Where can I buy linen? Linen fabrics are available by the meter in fabric shops.

The story of linen

In many caves remains of clothing from the Flax fibers made. In the Middle Ages, the fabric was very popular because of its dirt-repellent and breathable properties. Especially when doing physical work in the field, where you sweat a lot and have to deal with a lot of dirt. Almost to 20th century the yarns were mostly hand-spun. Cotton almost drove linen out of the market, but has been gaining ground in recent years popularity and is increasingly being produced.

The manufacturing process used to be environmentally harmful and has only been improved by changes in the processes and tools. This marks the beginning of a new chapter in the history of linen. Always popular because of the positive linen fabric properties also the linen bed linen, which feels pleasantly cool on the skin on hot days.