How safe is Maputo Mozambique

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Current

You are warned against traveling to the districts of Palma, Nangade, Mueda, Mocímboa da Praia, Muidumbe, Macomia, Meluco, Quissanga, Ancuabe and the islands off the coast in the province of Cabo Delgado in the north of the country.
Unnecessary travel to the rest of the Cabo Delgado province is not recommended.

Terrorist attacks

In the northern districts of the Cabo Delgado province, there are increasing attacks, including those motivated by Islamic extremism. Dozens of people have recently been killed in attacks; numerous people leave the region.

  • Follow the local media and the situation in the region very carefully.
  • Be extra careful.
  • It is essential that you follow the instructions given by security personnel.

COVID-19

The spread of COVID-19 continues to lead to restrictions in international air and travel traffic and impairment of public life.

Before unnecessary, tourist trips to Mozambique will continue warned.

Epidemiological situation

Mozambique is as a risk area with a particularly high risk of infection (Virus variant area) classified.

The Mozambican government and the World Health Organization (WHO) provide exact and detailed figures.

entry

Tourist visas are being reissued. All travelers over the age of 11 must present a negative PCR test for entry, which must not be older than 72 hours upon entry. If a negative test result is presented, the applicable quarantine obligation does not apply.

When entering and leaving Mozambique within a short period of time (e.g. for short and business trips to neighboring countries), a negative PCR test is valid for 14 days from the time the test was taken.

Travel connections

Regular international passenger air traffic is still restricted. Airlines from five countries (Portugal, Qatar, Ethiopia, Kenya and South Africa) offer individual flights to and from Maputo on a weekly basis.

Due to the Coronavirus Entry Ordinance of May 12, 2021 and the classification of Mozambique as a virus variant area, when traveling from Mozambique to Germany, in addition to the existing registration and test obligation and extended and unconditional quarantine obligation, proof of a negative COVID-19 test in German and English , French, Spanish or Italian language, even if travelers are already fully vaccinated. Airlines and other carriers are otherwise not allowed to take people over the age of six with them.

The underlying PCR test may have been carried out a maximum of 72 hours, and a rapid antigen test in accordance with the requirements of the Robert Koch Institute a maximum of 24 hours before the planned entry.

The transport ban for people in cross-border rail, bus, ship and air traffic that applies to Mozambique does not apply to German nationals and persons with residence and right of residence in the Federal Republic of Germany, but can lead to changes in the flight plan and reductions in flight connections to and from Germany .

Restrictions in the country

With the end of the state of emergency on September 6, 2020, the “disaster case” came into force. This law, passed on September 1, 2020, includes not only COVID-19 but also other disaster cases and is valid for an unlimited period.

In the greater Maputo area (Maputo City, Matola, Boane and Marracuene) the provincial capitals, as well as in the cities of Vila Manhica, Chokwe, Maxixe, Gondola, Moatize, Mocuba, Nacala, Montepuez and Massinga, there is a night curfew from 10 p.m. to 4 a.m. (exceptions for medical emergencies).

Bars and alcohol sales outlets (barracas) are closed. The opening times of restaurants and the sale of alcohol in supermarkets are limited in time. Private events are allowed with up to 20 people. Churches, cinemas, theaters, casinos, fitness studios and other leisure facilities are allowed to open under strict conditions. Staying on beaches is prohibited; Walks on the sidewalks near the beach are allowed.

Hygiene rules

In public spaces and also on public transport, it is mandatory to wear mouth and nose protection. Distance rules of at least 1.5 m must be observed.

  • Make sure you comply with the AHA regulations and also follow the instructions from local authorities. High fines can be imposed if the hygiene regulations are violated.
  • Be sure to observe the measures and recommendations issued by the Mozambican authorities. Pay close attention to the local media.
  • In addition, inquire about the current regulations at the Mozambican embassy.
  • Stays in foreign countries can currently affect the possibility of entering other countries. Therefore, find out about the current regulations on entry, transit and quarantine in the respective travel countries via the travel and safety information before starting any trip.
  • When you return to Germany, note the valid entry restrictions such as registration, test and quarantine regulations, inquire about the current conditions of carriage at the responsible company or your tour operator, if necessary, and contact the health department at your place of residence or residence if you are entering from a risk area . Further information is available in our continuously updated info box on COVID-19 / Coronavirus.

Security - Partial Travel Warning

You are warned against traveling to the districts of Palma, Nangade, Mueda, Mocímboa da Praia, Muidumbe, Macomia, Meluco, Quissanga, Ancuabe and the islands off the coast in the province of Cabo Delgado in the north of the country.

Unnecessary travel to the rest of the Cabo Delgado province is not recommended.

terrorism

In the northern districts of the Cabo Delgado province, between Quissanga and Palma, attacks on the civilian population that were motivated by Islamic extremism were also increased. Since mid-2020, the frequency and intensity of these clashes with the security forces have increased significantly.
Increased security precautions and controls are to be expected in the region.

  • Follow the local media and the situation very closely.
  • Be extra careful.
  • It is essential that you follow the instructions given by security personnel.
  • Please note the worldwide safety information.

Domestic situation

The long-running civil war with sometimes violent hostilities between the government and RENAMO was ended with the ceasefire agreement of August 1, 2019 and the peace treaty of August 6, 2019. There are still a few negative voices in the country who do not fully accept the peace agreement.
Up until the ceasefire in December 2016, there had been isolated armed clashes between the armed arm of the opposition party RENAMO and the country's security forces in the provinces of Manica, Sofala, Tete, Zambezia, Niassa and Nampula.

  • Find out about the local media.
  • Avoid demonstrations and large gatherings of people in large areas.
  • Follow the instructions of local security guards.

crime

Mozambique has an increased level of crime, especially within the cities. The proportion of violent crime has increased in recent years.
In Maputo, in particular, there are kidnappings that also affect foreigners.
It happens again and again that Mozambican police arrest tourists for alleged traffic offenses and ask them to pay “fines”. In principle, only the traffic police (dark blue trousers, white shirt, blue or white cap) are entitled to impose fines for traffic offenses, the protection police (gray uniforms) are allowed to stop road users for general identity checks.
There are also known cases in which foreign nationals were threatened by the security police during identity checks and pressed into paying bribes.

  • Before you travel, familiarize yourself with Mozambican traffic regulations. Car rental companies provide information on this.
  • Keep your money, ID, driver's license, air tickets and other important documents safe.
  • Always carry the original of your identification document and residence permit with you.
  • In general, be vigilant and behave prudently.
  • Always keep the windows closed in the car and lock the doors from the inside.
  • Do not leave handbags, cell phones and other valuables visible in the car.
  • In the event of a robbery, hand over valuables without resistance.
  • When talking to the police, keep calm, show the original of your identification documents without discussion and insist on taking proper minutes. you
  • Pay fines only in the police station against an official receipt (“recibo”).
  • In the event of obvious misconduct by the police, write down the name of the police officer and then report the incident directly to the nearest police station and the German embassy in Maputo.
  • Obvious cases of corruption by the police can be reported to the Central Anti-Corruption Office (“Gabinete Central de Combate á Corrupção”) at the following telephone numbers 823404, 843404 or 863404000.

Piracy on the high seas

There is still a risk of pirate attacks and capture off the coasts of Somalia and its neighboring countries, as well as in the adjacent waters. Ships deep in the Indian Ocean (around the Seychelles and Madagascar) and off Kenya, Tanzania, Mozambique, Yemen and Oman are still at risk. Even if there have been no more captures off the coast of Mozambique for a long time, the danger remains latent.

  • If you are a skipper in the aforementioned areas, exercise caution.
  • Register with the Maritime Security Center.

Nature and climate

Mozambique lies in a seismically slightly active zone, so that earthquakes can occur.

The climate is subtropical to tropical. In the rainy season, especially from January to April, there can be heavy rainfall with floods and devastating tropical cyclones in the coastal region.
Heavy rains in neighboring countries cause seasonally high river levels and floods in Mozambique. This can result in personal injury and property damage, and traffic connections can be interrupted.

  • Find out about the weather and road conditions regularly, especially when traveling overland.
  • Always observe prohibitions, signs and warnings as well as the instructions of local authorities.
  • Familiarize yourself with earthquake and tsunami behavior guidelines. These are provided by the fact sheets of the German Research Center for Geosciences.
  • In the event of a storm warning, please note the information on hurricanes abroad.

Travel info

Infrastructure / traffic

Traffic routes may be impaired due to measures related to COVID-19 containment, see Current.

Left-hand traffic applies in Mozambique. There are taxis in large cities, otherwise a rental car is recommended. Very few highways are in good condition. Overland journeys involve a very high risk of accidents due to the sometimes extremely poor road conditions and the behavior of other road users.
In the rainy season, roads can be impassable due to flooding, this also affects inner-city areas.

  • Be particularly careful when driving overland.
  • Avoid driving overland in the dark.
  • Use all-wheel drive vehicles on smaller connecting and secondary routes.

Driver's license

The international driving license is required and is only valid in conjunction with the national German driving license.

LGBTIQ

Homosexuality is not a criminal offense. There is relatively liberal legislation, but it is not anchored in society.

Legal specifics

In addition to import and export, possession, consumption and trafficking in drugs of all kinds are strictly prohibited.

Public buildings and facilities (e.g. the “mural” on Praça dos Heróis in Maputo or the presidential palace on Avenida Julius Nyerere, ministries), uniformed people, military facilities and vehicles as well as individual embassies should not be photographed without permission. Buildings are not always marked accordingly.

Money / credit cards

The national currency is the New Metical (MZN). Cash can usually be withdrawn from ATMs in all major cities using a bank or credit card, and credit cards can also be used to pay in hotels, restaurants and supermarkets in Maputo and other major cities. US dollars are also accepted in Mozambique, and South African rand in particular in southern Mozambique. Euros are rarely accepted outside of Maputo. When traveling, especially inland, cash should be carried.

Entry and customs

Entry and transit regulations may currently differ due to measures to contain COVID-19, see Current.

Entry and import regulations for German citizens can change at short notice without the Foreign Office being informed beforehand. You can only obtain legally binding information and / or information that goes beyond this information on the entry and customs regulations for importing goods directly from the representatives of your destination country.
You can find the customs regulations for Germany on the website of German customs and via the “Customs and Travel” app, or you can inquire about them by telephone.

Travel documents

Entry is possible for German citizens with the following documents:

  • Passport: Yes
  • Temporary passport: Yes
  • Identity card: No.
  • Temporary identity card: No.
  • Children's passport: Yes

Comments / minimum remaining validity:
Travel documents must be valid for at least six months at the time of entry.

Identification is required in Mozambique. The Mozambican police are authorized to carry out identity checks.

  • Always carry the original of your passport with a valid visa / residence permit (DIRE) with you and keep certified copies of the documents in a safe place.

visa

A visa is required to enter Mozambique. Visas for tourist purposes are also issued when entering the country at larger Mozambican border crossings and at international airports in Mozambique. However, border visas for people who come from countries in which there is a Mozambican diplomatic mission abroad are only issued if it is clearly justified why it was not possible to apply for a visa at the Mozambican diplomatic mission before entering the country. Accordingly, the Mozambique embassy in Berlin also informs that visas must be obtained before entry. The Mozambican diplomatic missions abroad can provide further information. Airlines can also require a valid visa to be presented at check-in and, if necessary, refuse carriage.

  • You can still apply for a visa at a Mozambican diplomatic mission before you plan to enter the country.

The period of validity of the visa and the permitted length of stay can differ. In most cases, the tourist visa only entitles you to an uninterrupted stay of a maximum of 30 days, despite the three-month period of validity.
A visa without entitlement to take up residence (“Sem residência”) can only be extended or re-applied for at a Mozambican diplomatic mission after leaving the country.
If you intend to go on excursions to the neighboring South African Kruger Park, for example, you must apply for a multiple entry visa (visto múltiplo) before leaving for Mozambique for the first time.
The passport must be presented in person during entry and exit formalities. The commissioning of third parties, so-called runners, to process the entry and exit is prohibited.
If the length of stay permitted in the visa is exceeded, there is a risk of high monetary costs, e.g. Sometimes even imprisonment.

Travelers who are planning a stay other than tourist (in particular to take up work, including volunteer work) must in any case obtain a visa beforehand from the responsible Mozambican diplomatic mission abroad.

  • For permanent residence, bring a German certificate of good conduct with you when you enter the country.

Minors

  • Make sure that children travel with an identification document with a current passport photo, as there have been difficulties with the immigration authorities in individual cases.
  • Carry an international birth certificate of the child with you, as there have been checks by the immigration authorities in individual cases.

Import regulations

Foreign currency may only be imported and exported up to a value of 10,000 US dollars.
Due to an export restriction, the import and export of national currency is limited to a maximum of 10,000 Meticais (MZN).

The import and export of diamonds, weapons and drugs of all kinds is strictly prohibited. Valuable electronic devices must be declared upon import.The export of antique coins is prohibited.

The export of animals and plants that are protected by the Washington Convention on the Protection of Species is only permitted on presentation of the relevant export and import documents, and may even be prohibited under state law (e.g. langoustines, mussels). The unauthorized export from Mozambique and import to Germany can constitute a criminal offense that is punishable by high fines and possibly imprisonment. Detailed information on species protection requirements is available from the Federal Agency for Nature Conservation under the keyword WA-Vollzug / CITES.

health

Current

The World Health Organization (WHO) has declared the disease COVID-19, which is triggered by the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, a pandemic.

In view of the ongoing Ebola epidemic in the Congo, the immigration authorities are carrying out body temperature screening (infrared measurement) at the national borders with, among others, Malawi, Tanzania and Zimbabwe as well as at all international airports in the country.

measles

In January 2019, WHO declared delaying or skipping vaccinations as a threat to global health. In particular, the lack of vaccination against measles poses a high risk when the number of cases increases internationally.

  • As part of your travel preparations, check your and your children's vaccination protection against measles and have this supplemented if necessary.

Vaccination protection

No compulsory vaccinations are required for direct entry from Germany. When entering from a yellow fever area or staying for more than 12 hours in transit through a yellow fever area, all persons aged 9 months and over must provide evidence of a yellow fever vaccination. Transit travel via Addis Ababa and Nairobi can be asked for a vaccination certificate upon arrival, regardless of the length of the stay there. Mozambique itself is not a yellow fever infection area.

Travelers under 4 weeks of travel time should have full poliomyelitis (polio) vaccination with booster vaccinations every 10 years. According to the WHO, residents and long-term travelers over 4 weeks are recommended to have a booster vaccination 4 weeks to 12 months before departure, see information sheet on poliomyelitis.

  • Make sure that you and your children have the standard vaccinations according to the Robert Koch Institute's vaccination calendar up to date.
  • Vaccinations against hepatitis A, polio and typhoid are recommended as travel vaccinations, and in the case of long-term stays or special exposure also against hepatitis B, rabies and meningococcal disease (ACWY).
  • Please note the instructions for use and help for the indication in the travel vaccination recommendations leaflet.
  • The DTG offers up-to-date, detailed travel vaccination recommendations for specialist groups for specialist groups.

Dengue fever and chikungunya fever

Both febrile infections have so far occurred sporadically mainly in the coastal area of ​​Mozambique and are transmitted by diurnal mosquitoes. Symptoms such as headaches and body aches are usually the most prominent ones. In individual cases, serious damage to health with fatal consequences can occur.

·         As part of exposure prophylaxis, protect yourself consistently against mosquito bites, especially during the day.

malaria

Malaria is caused by crepuscular and nocturnal anopheles- Mosquitoes transmitted. If left untreated, the dangerous malaria tropica, in particular, is often fatal in non-immune Europeans. The disease can break out weeks to months after your stay in the risk area, see Malaria leaflet.

  • If you develop a fever during or even months after a corresponding trip, see your doctor as soon as possible and inform him about your stay in a malaria area.

There is a high risk of malaria tropica, which almost exclusively occurs throughout the country, all year round, see Standing Committee for Travel Medicine (StAR) of the DTG.

To avoid malaria, protect yourself consistently against insect bites as part of exposure prophylaxis. You should pay particular attention to the following points:

  • Wear light-colored clothing that covers the body (long trousers, long shirts).
  • Repeatedly apply insect repellent to all exposed parts of the body, during the day (dengue) as well as in the evening and at night (malaria).
  • If necessary, sleep under an impregnated mosquito net.

Depending on the travel profile, in addition to the always necessary exposure prophylaxis, chemoprophylaxis (taking tablets) makes sense. Various prescription drugs (e.g. atovaquone / proguanil, doxycycline, mefloquine) are available on the German market for this purpose.

  • Discuss the choice of medication and its personal adjustment as well as side effects or intolerance to other medication with a tropical medicine or travel medicine specialist before taking it.
  • Take enough supplies with you.

HIV / AIDS

HIV / AIDS is a relevant problem in Mozambique. There is always a high risk through sexual contact, drug use (unclean syringes or cannulas) and blood transfusions.

  • Always use condoms, especially on casual acquaintances.

Diarrheal diseases

Diarrheal illnesses are common travel illnesses, see information sheet on diarrheal illnesses. However, through appropriate food and drinking water hygiene, most diarrheal diseases and also cholera (see below) can be avoided. Therefore, to protect your health, please observe the following basic information:

  • Only drink water of safe origin, never tap water. A previously opened bottle can be identified more easily by purchasing carbonated bottled water.
  • If possible, use drinking water to wash dishes and brush your teeth when you are out and about.
  • If bottled water is not available, use filtered, disinfected, or boiled water.
  • Cook or peel food yourself.
  • Make sure you keep flies away from your food.
  • Wash your hands with soap as often as possible, but always before preparing and eating.
  • If possible, disinfect your hands with liquid disinfectant.

cholera

Cholera is transmitted through insufficiently treated drinking water or raw food. And can therefore be avoided through appropriate food and drinking water hygiene. Especially during the rainy season, there are always more cases of cholera. Only a small part of the people infected with cholera get sick and of these again the majority with a comparatively mild course. The indication for a cholera vaccination is rarely given, usually only in the case of special exposures such as working in hospitals with cholera patients, see information sheet on cholera

Schistosomiasis (schistosomiasis)

Schistosomiasis is transmitted when bathing, wading or other leisure activities in or near fresh water by the penetration of worm larvae through the intact skin, see leaflet Schistosomiasis.

  • Consistently refrain from bathing in freshwater waters.

Medical supplies

Medical care in the country cannot be compared with that in Europe and is often problematic in terms of personnel, technology, equipment and / or hygiene. English-speaking medical staff are rarely found outside of the capital, Maputo.