Did we learn something from history?

In an unusually combative speech, Chancellor Angela Merkel campaigned for the principles of her policy a good two weeks before her retirement as CDU chairwoman. There could be no compromises between a selfish and a cosmopolitan policy, she said on Wednesday in the general debate of the Bundestag. She passionately campaigned for the United Nations' migration pact, which was rejected by the AfD and parts of her own party. This is the "right attempt at an answer" to a global problem.

Merkel made it clear that it is not just about the pact. If you belong to those "who believe that they can solve everything on their own and only have to think of themselves", then that is "nationalism in its purest form," she said. But that is not patriotism, "because patriotism is when you include others in the German interest and accept win-win situations". The "probing" question is: "What have we learned from history and have we learned from history?" In doing so, she referred to the lessons that had been learned from the Second World War with the establishment of a multilateral order.

This is how she founded the migration pact. It is in the German "national interest" that the conditions in the world for refugees on the one hand and labor migration on the other should improve. Merkel combined her advertising with barely concealed criticism of Health Minister Jens Spahn, who competes in the fight for the CDU chairmanship against Secretary General Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer and the former parliamentary group leader Friedrich Merz. "By the way, nothing is signed, nothing is signed. Nothing is legally binding," she said. Spahn had asked to vote on the pact at the CDU party congress and to "postpone" the signing if necessary. The pact is due to be adopted in Marrakech on December 10th and 11th; there is no provision for signature.

FDP leader Christian Lindner spoke of a turning point because of Merkel's withdrawal as CDU leader. "We are witnessing the end of something," he said. Lindner, who broke off negotiations for a coalition with the CDU / CSU and the Greens in 2017, has recently signaled interest in a new attempt at Jamaica in the event that Merkel retires as Chancellor. In the dispute over the migration pact, Lindner supported Merkel's line. CSU regional group leader Alexander Dobrindt also defended the agreement. Migration can only be regulated internationally. The pact is devoted to repatriations, the situation in transit countries and the responsibility of the countries of origin. The SPD MP Johannes Kahrs spoke of an "excellent" speech by Merkel. AfD leader Alexander Gauland reiterated his criticism of the document. It conceals the population explosion in Africa as the "main cause of flight". Anyone who offers Europe "as a drainage basin for this purpose will weaken Europe and not help Africa in the least".