How can sustainable development be achieved
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
As part of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, the United Nations agreed on the Sustainable Development Goals in 2015. The 17 goals with their 169 targets are each dedicated to a global challenge.
For the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), specific and, if possible, verifiable target values have been set that are to be achieved between 2016 and 2030. They follow on from the eight Millennium Development Goals that were set in 2000 and expired in 2015.
"Nobody should be left behind"
"Nobody should be left behind." This promise shapes the sustainable development goals that all UN member states want to achieve by 2030. A total of 17 goals and 169 targets were formulated in a consultation process lasting several years, in which more than a million citizens, organizations, government agencies and experts participated at the invitation of the United Nations. Many consider it a success that their own concerns and demands have been included in the catalog of objectives. Others complain that a hodgepodge of different goals has emerged, the political impact of which will remain small. It should be noted that when formulating the Sustainable Development Goals, a lot of experience was taken into account that was made in the years 2000 to 2015 with the implementation of the Millennium Development Goals. But will the global community actually succeed in including everyone in the process of comprehensive sustainable development?
Adoption of the Sustainable Development Goals
On September 25, 2015, the joint global program for sustainable development was unanimously adopted. This was preceded by a three-day sustainability summit in New York, attended by more than 150 heads of state and government as well as numerous ministers - more leading politicians from all over the world than ever before at a UN meeting.
In the document entitled “Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development”, all nations undertake to fundamentally change our world for the better over the next decade and a half: “We are determined to end poverty and hunger everywhere from today to 2030 end the world, fight inequalities within and between countries, build peaceful, just and inclusive societies, protect human rights and promote gender equality and the self-determination of women and girls, and ensure the lasting protection of our planet and its natural resources. We are also determined to create the conditions for sustainable, inclusive and sustained economic growth, shared prosperity and decent work for all, taking into account the different levels of development and capacities of each country. "
The Millennium Development Goals
The predecessors of the Sustainable Development Goals were the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). They formed the framework for global development policy from 2000-2015. They were used for the first time to set verifiable target values for the success of development cooperation.
The conclusion in 2015 was mixed. Although there was undoubtedly great progress thanks to the MDGs, not all goals could be achieved globally, regionally and nationally, and successes were unevenly distributed around the world. More...
Every country has a duty
The goals for sustainable development should be achieved by all countries in the world, not just by developing countries. The adopted 17 universal development goals and their 169 targets not only place a clearer focus on questions of sustainability, but also reflect a more comprehensive understanding of development. That is why the document says: "We are committed to bringing about sustainable development in its three dimensions - economic, social and ecological - in a balanced and integrated manner."
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