Is there a basic way of being

Fundamental and human rights

The Basic Law guarantees fundamental freedom, equality and inviolability rights to which the individual in Germany is entitled to the state, but also to society in general (Articles 1-17, 33, 101-104 GG). Most of these basic rights are also human rights, which means that not only German citizens can invoke them, but all people who live in Germany.
Fundamental rights are rights that the individual possesses in relation to the state. When a good 200 years ago, first in the USA and then in France, they began to be written down in special documents, the purpose was to protect citizens from possible arbitrariness on the part of the state. Today, these rights also affect the relationship between citizens. Equal rights for men and women [Art. 3 GG] in Germany not only the state has to consider, but also e.g. a private employer.

The basic rights that are laid down in the Basic Law include, on the one hand, civil rights to which only Germans are entitled, and, on the other hand, general human rights that all people living in Germany can insist on. Civil rights include the right to assemble without prior government approval [freedom of assembly; Art. 8 GG] to found associations [freedom of association; Art. 9 GG] to move freely in the entire federal territory [right to freedom of movement; Art. 11 GG] and to choose the occupation that one wants [occupational freedom; Art. 12 GG].

The basic rights can be divided into rights that fix certain freedoms for the people in Germany [Freedom Rights; Art. 2, 4, 5, 8, 9, 11, 12, 17 GG], in those that guarantee equal treatment [equal rights; Art. 3, 6 (5), 33] and those that prohibit state interference [inviolability rights; Art. 1, 2, 10, 13, 14, 16, 102 GG]. There are also procedural rights. They guarantee that court proceedings in Germany are fair and according to the principles of a constitutional state. [Art. 101, 103, 104].

In the case of numerous basic rights, the relevant article of the Basic Law allows the basic right to be restricted by a law. For example, children and young people who persistently skip school, i.e. who do not fulfill compulsory school attendance, can be forcibly brought to school. Your basic right to personal freedom [Article 2 of the Basic Law] may be restricted in this respect. However, such restrictive laws must never completely abolish a fundamental right [Art. 19 GG].
Anyone who feels that their fundamental rights have been violated by a state authority can lodge a constitutional complaint with the highest German court, the Federal Constitutional Court.
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Source: Thurich, Eckart: pocket politik. Democracy in Germany. revised New edition Bonn: Federal Agency for Civic Education 2011.